Republic of Senegal is south of the Sénégal River in western Africa and is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Mauritania to the north, Mali to the east, and Guinea and Guinea-Bissau to the south. The estimated population in 2008 is nearly 11,700,000. Gambia lies almost entirely within Senegal, surrounded by it on the north, east and south. From its western coast, Gambia's territory follows the Gambia River more than 300 kilometres (186 miles) inland. Dakar is the capital city of Senegal, located on the Cape Verde Peninsula on the country's Atlantic coast.
THE JEWISH COMMUNITY
Jews of the Bilad al-Sudan (אַהַל יַהוּדּ בִּלַדּ אַל סוּדָּן, Judeo-Arabic) were West African Jewish communities connected to Jewish communities from the Middle East, North Africa, or Spain and Portugal. Jews from Spain, Portugal, and Morocco formed communities off the coast of Senegal and on the Islands of Cape Verde. After the rise of Islam in North and West Africa these communities ceased to exist and have since disappeared due to migration and assimilation.