KAZAN: [Zazan, Kasan, Kazan-Arskoe] Print

Alternate names: Kazan' and Казань [Rus], Qazan [Tatar], Kasan. 55°45' N, 49°08' E, 450 miles E of Moscow. Capital of Tatarstan.

"KAZAN, capital of Tatarstan autonomous republic, in the Russian Federation, an important commercial and industrial center, mainly of the oil industry. Until the 1917 Revolution, Kazan was outside the Jewish *Pale of Settlement. In 1861, 184 Jews lived in the city, most of them veterans of the army of Nicholas I. By 1897, their numbers had increased to 1,467 (1.1% of the total population). Pogroms broke out in the city in October 1905. During World War I many exiles from the battle areas and from Lithuania arrived in Kazan. In 1926, there were 4,156 Jews in the city (2.3% of the population), which grew to 5,278 (1.33% of the total) in 1939. During the subsequent years, under the Soviet regime there was no possibility of developing any Jewish communal life. During WWIImany refugees reached the city and remained there after the war. The Jewish population of Kazan was estimated at about 8,000 in 1970. One synagogue existed until 1962, when it was closed down by the authorities. Jews prayed in private houses (minyanim), even though this was prohibited. The Jewish cemetery was still in use in 1970." Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group.

Syngogue restoration funding [Apr 2014]

  • Słownik Geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego (1880-1902), III, p. 919: "Kazań".
  • Jewish community "Kazan is a city on the Volga, 800 kilometers from Moscow. The Jewish community in Kazan dates back to 1996. Of the 1.2 million inhabitants of the city, approximately 10,000 are Jewish. The people lack religious and cultural cohesion, having grown up in the atheistic Soviet Union. In 1997 our community got back the old synagogue building, which during the Soviet period was used as a "House of study." Finally, the community has a home that now can be set aside as the center of Jewish life in Kazan." Contact:  This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it [Apr 2014]
  • Jewish Community of Kazan history. [Apr 2014]
  • Jewish Journal [Apr 2014]
  • Jewish Virtual Library [Apr 2-14]
CEMETERY:
  • gravestone photos with names and  dates. Toldot. [Apr 2014]
  • Polish: gravestones photos with dates and names. [Apr 2014]

  • May 2005 vandalism [Apr 2014]
  • Russian Vandals Admit to Smashing Jewish Graves By Cnaan Liphshiz. 18 April 2013 (JTA) - Two suspects arrested for destroying dozens of Jewish tombstones in central Russia admitted to the crime but said the attack was not anti-Semitic. Russian police arrested the men, aged 46 and 32, in connection with the attack discovered the previous day at a cemetery in Ulyanovsk, near the city of Kazan. Most of the 30 graves destroyed were from the Jewish part of the cemetery, the online edition of the Russian daily Komsomolskaya Pravda reported. The report said the suspects admitted to smashing the tombstones but said the attack was not anti-Semitic. Rather, the report said, the men said they were drunk and broke the Jewish tombstones because they were closest to them.

  • burial listing with photos [Apr 2014]

  •  



Last Updated on Friday, 11 April 2014 14:32