|VULCAN: Hunedoara County [Zsilyvajdejvulkán (Zsily-Vajdej-Vulkán, Wolkersdorf, Wulkan]|
Alternate names: Jiu-Vaidei-Vulcan, Hungarian: Vulkán, Zsilyvajdejvulkán (Zsily-Vajdej-Vulkán), German: Wolkersdorf, Wulkan). 2010 population: 30,188. The second-largest city in the Jiu Valle, the town includes the villages of Paroşeni and Dealul Babii. The city is named after the Vulcan Pass that connects the Jiu Valley to Oltenia. Coal was discovered in 1788 while defending Vulcan from the Ottoman Turks. In 1850, the first mine was set up by the Hoffman brothers of Braşov.
US Commission No. ROCE-0306 -
The cemetery is located at Vulcan, Fintinelelor Street, 2692, near Motel "Brazi", judet Hunedoara, 4523 2316, 8 km from Petrosani. Alternate names: Zsilvajdejvulckan (Hungarian.) Present town population is 25,000-100,000 with no Jews.
The 1880 Jewish population by census was 5, by 1900 census was 91, and in 1930 was 505. The unlandmarked Orthodox and Neolog The cemetery was established at end of the 19th century. Last known burial was 1984.
The urban hillside, separate but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate. Approximate pre-WWII size is unknown. Approximate post-WWII size is 60 x 44 m. 20-100 stones are visible. 1-20 stones are not in original location. More than 75% of the stones are toppled or broken. Stones removed from the cemetery are probably in the farms. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is not a problem. Water drainage is good all year.
The oldest known gravestone dates from end of the 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble, limestone, sandstone, and concrete flat shaped and smoothed and inscribed common gravestones have Hebrew and Hungarian inscriptions. No known mass graves. The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are in village residential setting with houses, gardens, orchards, and pastures. Rarely,
Claudia Ursutiu, Pietroasa Str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, tel. 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey in September 2000 using the following documentation:
Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed no one. [January 2003]
|Last Updated on Sunday, 09 August 2015 14:23|