|VIILE SATU MARE: Satu Mare County, Transylvania|
Viile-Sătmarului, Viile, 47°40' N 22°57' E, 269.4 miles NNW of Bucureşti. Viile Satu Mare (Hungarian: Szatmárhegy) is a commune with 2,356 inhabitants [2010 census] in Satu Mare judet, which also includes the following four villages:
US Commission No. ROCE-0599 -
The cemetery is located at Ville Satu Mare, 3958, judet Satu Mare, 4740 2257, 269.4 miles NNW of Bucharest and 18 km from Satu Mare. Alternate names: Szatmarhegy (Hungarian) and VIILE-SATMARULUI. Present town population is 1,000-5,000 with no Jews.
The 1880 Jewish population by census was 27, by 1900 census was 40 and in 1930 was 42. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the ghetto of Satu Mare and on May 19, 22, 26, 29, 30, 31, and June 1 were deported to Auschwitz. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was established at end of the 19th century. Noteworthy individuals buried in the cemetery: one cohan. Last known burial was inter-war period.
The rural/agricultural flat land, separate but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open to all. A masonry wall with a non-locking gate surrounds the site. Approximate pre-WWII size is unknown. Approximate post-WWII size is 40 x 15 m. 20-100 stones are visible, some not in original location. 25%-50% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year. The cemetery has special sections.
Cemetery has separate section for women, who died during childbirth. The oldest known gravestone dates from second half of the 19th century (1885). The 19th and 20th century marble, granite, limestone, sandstone, and concrete flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, and carved relief-decorated, double tombstones, and sculpted monuments have Hebrew inscriptions. No known mass graves.
The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are residential and local cemetery. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The never vandalized cemetery maintenance has been clearing vegetation Current care is occasional clearing or cleaning by individuals. No structures. Security and weather erosion are moderate threats.
. Claudia Ursutiu, Pietroasa Str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, tel. 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey July 2000 using the following documentation:
Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed Gheorghe Ardelean. [January 2003]
|Last Updated on Monday, 20 August 2012 13:51|