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UILEACU de CRIS: Bihor County, Transylvania PDF Print E-mail

Uileacu, Uileacu de Criş, Uileacul-de-Criş, Uilead-de-Criş. 47°05' N 22°13' E,  261.6 miles NW of Bucureşti

US Commission No. ROCE-0125 -

The cemetery is located in Uileacu de Cris, com. Tileagd, 3596, judet Bihor, Romania at 4705 2213, 261.6 miles NW of Bucharest and 15 km from Alesd. Alternate name: Pusztaujlak. Present town population is 1,000-5,000 with no Jews.

  • Mayor Groza Nicolae, Town Hall of Tileagd, judet Bihor
  • The Jewish Community of Oradea, Mihai Viteazu Street no. 4, 3700 Oradea, Romania, tel. 0040-59-134843 (132587)
  • The Federation of The Jewish Communities of Romania, Sfintu Vineri Street no. 9-11, sect. 3, Bucharest, Romania
  • Interested: "Dr. Moshe Carmilly" Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, Universitatii Street no. 7-9, room 61, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Director: Ladislau Gyemant, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  • Caretaker with key: Jacob Istvanne, Uileacu de Cris, no. 181

The 1880 Jewish population by census was 14, by 1900 census was 18 and in 1930 was 6. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the Oradea ghetto and on May 23, 25, 28-30, and June 1-5, 27 were deported to Auschwitz. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was established in second half of 19th century. Last known burial was inter-war period. Probably, the Jews of Tileagd used the cemetery 2 km from the congregation that used it.

The rural/agricultural hillside, separate but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open to all via a gate that locks. Approximate pre-WWII size is unknown. Approximate post-WWII size is 100 x 28 m. 20-100 stones are visible. 20-100 stones are in original location. 1-20 stones are not in original location. Less than 25% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is not a problem. Water drainage is good all year.

No special sections. The oldest known gravestone dates from 1873. The 19th and 20th century marble, limestone, and sandstone, and concrete and local stone flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, and carved relief-decorated, and double tombstones have inscriptions in Hebrew, German, and Hungarian.

The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are agricultural. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop at the never vandalized cemetery. Maintenance has been re-erection of stones, patching broken stones, cleaning stones, and clearing vegetation by local non-Jewish residents in 1985. Current care is regular unpaid caretaker. No structures.

Ursutiu Claudia, Pietroasa Street no. 21, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, tel: 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey on 2 July 2000 using the following documentation:

  • Recensamantul din 1880. Transilvania(1880 Transylvania Jewish Population Census.) coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1997.
  • Recensamantul din 1900. (1900 Transylvania Jewish Population Census) coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj, 1999
  • Recensamintul general al popula]iei din 29 decembrie 1930, ( The General Census of the population from december 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
  • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. History of the Jews of Transylvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian
  • Recensamantul general al populatiei Romaniei din 29 decembrie 1930, vol. II (The General Census of the Population of Romania from 29 December 1930, vol. II), Bucuresti, 1938
  • Recensamintul general al populatiei din Romania din 7 ianuarie 1992 (The General Census of the Population of Romania from January 7, 1992), vol. I, Bucuresti, 1994
  • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The Historical Dictionary of Localities in Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
  • Otto Mitelstrass, Historisch-Landeskundlicher Atlas von Siebenburgen, Ortsnamenbuch, Heidelberg, 1992
  • Microsoft Auto Route Express 1999

Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed Jacob Istvanne, 02. 07. 2000, Uileacu de Cris. [January 2003]

Last Updated on Monday, 20 August 2012 15:14
 
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