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TULCEA: Tulcea County PDF Print E-mail

Alternate names: Tulcea [Rom], Tulcha [Rus Тулча, Bulg], Tolçu [Turk], Hora-Tepé [Turk], Tultscha. 45°10' N, 28°48' E, 41 miles ESE of Galaţi (Galatz), 13 miles S of Izmayil. 1900 Jewish population: 1,903.

History [August 2012]

US Commission Reports:
  • TULCEA (I): Alternate name: Tultscha. The cemetery is located at Str. Eternitatii no. 33, Tulcea, judet Tulcea at 4510 2848, 141.6 miles ENE of Bucharest and 115 km from Constanta. Current town population is over 100,000 with 10-100 Jews.Mayor Mocanu Constantin, Str. Gloriei no. 6, Tulcea. Phone: 040/514203The Jewish Community of Tulcea, Str. Unirii no. 2, Bl. B2, ap.3, Tulcea. Phone: 040/512545The Federation of The Jewish Communities of Romania, Sfintu Vineri Street no. 9-11, sect. 3, Bucharest, Romania"A.D. Xenopol" Institute of History, Lascar Catargi Street, no. 15, 6400- Iasi Judet Iasi, Moldavia , Romania. Tel. 032/212614; e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
    • Director: Alexandru Zub.
    • Caretaker and key holder: Guradeschi Zoe, Str. Eternitatii 33, Tulcea. Phone: 040/531310.
  • The Jewish population by census was 211 in 1899 and 802 in 1930. The cemetery was established in 19th century. Last known burial was August 2000. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery is 1 km from the congregation that used it.The urban hillside, separate but near other cemeteries, has Jewish symbols on wall or gate. Reached by a public road, access is open with permission. A masonry wall with a gate that locks surrounds the site. Approximate pre- and post-WWII size is 800 m x 300 m. More than 5,000 stones are visible. More than 5,000 are in original location. 1-20 stones are not in original location. More than 75% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year.No special sections. The oldest known gravestone dates from the end of the 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble, granite, limestone, and sandstone Some have traces of painting on their surfaces, iron decorations or letting, bronze decorations or lettering, and other metallic elements and portraits on stones, sculpted monuments, and multi-stone monuments. Some have metallic elements, portraits on stones, and metal fences around graves. Inscriptions are in Hebrew, Yiddish, German, Hungarian, and Romanian.The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are residential. Frequently, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The never vandalized cemetery has no maintenance. Current care is regular unpaid caretaker.Within the limits of the cemetery is a preburial house with a tahara, catafalque, and an ohel. No threats.
  • Lucian Nastasă, Clinicilor Street, no. 19, Cluj, Romania, tel. 064/190107. Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it visited the site and completed the survey on 18 June 2001.Recensamintul general al populatiei Romaniei, 1930, vol.II, publicat de Sabin Manuila, Bucuresti, 1938.Izvoare si marturii referitoare la evreii din Romania, I-III/1-2, Bucuresti, 1986-1999.Lucian Nastasă interviewed Guradeschi Zoe, Str. Eternitatii 33, Tulcea. Phone: 040/531310 on 9 June 2001 [January 2003]
  • TULCEA (II):See TULCEA I for town information. Cemetery is located at Str. Eternitatii no. 35, Tulcea, judet Tulcea
  • Caretaker and Key holder: Sarmasan Constantin, Str. Intrarea Plopilor, no. 2, Tulcea
  • The Jewish population by census was 211 in 1899 registered and 802 in 1930. The cemetery was established in 19th century. Last known burial was 1930. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery is 0.5 km from the congregation that used it.The isolated urban hillside has Jewish symbols on wall or gate. Reached by a public road, access is entirely closed. A masonry wall with a gate that locks surrounds the site. Approximate pre- and post-WWII size is 100 m x 180 m. 20-100 stones are visible. 20-100 stones are in original location. 1-20 stones are not in original location. 50%-75% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year.The oldest known gravestone dates from 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble, limestone, and sandstone have Hebrew and Romanian inscriptions. Some have traces of painting on their surfaces, iron decorations or letting, bronze decorations or lettering, and other metallic elements and common gravestones. Some have metal fences around graves.The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are residential. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors and local residents stop at the never vandalized cemetery with no maintenance. Current care is regular unpaid caretaker. No structures. No threats.
  • Lucian Nastasă, Clinicilor Street, no. 19, Cluj, Romania, tel. 064/190107. Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it visited the site and completed the survey on 18 June 2001.Recensamintul general al populatiei Romaniei, 1930, vol.II, publicat de Sabin Manuila, Bucuresti, 1938.Izvoare si marturii referitoare la evreii din Romania, I-III/1-2, Bucuresti, 1986-1999.Lucian Nastasă interviewed Sarmasan Constantin, Str. Intrarea Plopilor, no. 2, Tulcea on 9 June 2001. [January 2003]
Last Updated on Thursday, 10 April 2014 15:13
 
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