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TARNAVENI: Mures County, Transylvania PDF Print E-mail

Alternate names: Tîrnăveni [Rom, since 1945], Dicsöszentmárton [Hun], Sankt Martin [Ger], Diciosânmartin [Rom, 1941-1945], Târnăveni [Rom, 1926-1941], Târnava-Sânmărtin [Rom, 1920-1926], Diciosînmartin, Martinskirch. 46°20' N, 24°17' E, 44 miles SE of Cluj-Napoca (Kolozsvár). Jewish population: 91 (1880), 490 (1920). This city and municipality on the Târnava Mică River in central Transylvania administers three villages: Bobohalma, Botorca and Cuştelnic. Wikipedia.

TIRNAVENI I:

The cemetery is located at Tarnaveni, 30 Decembrie Street no. 7, cod 3225, judet Mures, 4620 2417, 158.0 miles NNW of Bucharest and 45 km from Targu Mures. Alternate names: Dicso Szent Marton (Hungarian), Tarnaveni (Romanian.) Present town population is 5,000-25,000 with fewer than 10 Jews.

  • Mayor Popa Octavian, tel. 443400, 441614, Tarnaveni
  • The Jewish Community of Targu Mures, A. Filimon Street, no. 23, cod 4300, Tel. 0040 - 65 161810, Tîrgu Mures, Romania.
  • The Federation of the Jewish Communities of Romania, Sfintu Vineri Str., no 9-11, Sector 3, Bucharest, Romania.
  • "Dr. Moshe Carmilly" Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, Universitatii Street, no. 7-9, room 61, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, director: Ladislau Gyemant, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  • Key holder and caretaker: Bucur Ioan, Movilei Street no. 12, Tarnaveni

The 1850 Jewish population by census was 3, in 1857 was 45, and in 1930 was 530. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the ghetto of Targu Mures; and on May 27, 30 and June 8, 1944 were deported to Auschwitz. Noteworthy Jewish residents of the community were Marton MIKSA, rabbi; Marton EMO, editor of the most important Jewish newspaper in Transylvania, "Uj Kelet" (1918-1940) The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was established in 19th century. Last known burial was 20th century.

The urban hillside, separate but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open to all. A fence with a non-locking gate surrounds the site. Approximate pre- and post-WWII size is 2150 m. 100-500 stones are visible. 1-20 stones are not in original location. Less than 25% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is not a problem. Water drainage is good all year. No special sections.

The oldest known gravestone dates from 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble, granite, sandstone, and limestone flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, carved relief-decorated, and double tombstones. sculpted monuments have Hebrew, Hungarian, and Romanian inscriptions. Some have traces of painting on their surfaces, iron decorations or lettering, portraits on stones, or metal fences around graves. No known mass graves.

The national Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent property is cemetery. Occasionally, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The never vandalized cemetery maintenance has been re-erection of stones and clearing vegetation. Current care is occasional clearing or cleaning by unpaid individuals. Within the limits of the cemetery is a preburial house with a tahara.

Cosmina Popa, Tatra Street no. 4, tel. 064/ 128764, Cluj Napoca, 3400 and Ioana Oprea, Bd. 21 Decembrie, 13-15, 064/190849, Cluj-Napoca, 3400 visited the site and completed the survey on 10 August 2000 using the following documentation:

  • Recensamantul din 1850. Transilvania (1850 Jewish Population Census. Transylvania) coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1996.
  • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. History of the Jews of Transylvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian, Budapest, 1995, in Hungarian
  • Recensamantul general al populatiei din 29 decembrie 1930 (The General Census of the Population from December 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
  • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The Historical Dictionary of Localities in Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967

They interviewed Sauber Bernath, Jewish Community of Mures, Targu Mures. [January 2003]

TIRNAVENI II : see TARMAVENA I for town information

The cemetery is located at Tarnaveni, Codrului Street no. 2, cod 3225, judet Mures, Romania.

  • Key holder and caretaker: Capalnean Nicolae, Codrului Street, no. 2, Tarnaveni.

The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was established in 19th century. Last known burial was 20th century. The isolated urban flat land has no sign or marker. Reached via private property, access is open with permission. A fence with a gate that locks surrounds the site. Approximate pre- and post-WWII size is 2500 m. 100-500 stones are visible. 1-20 stones are not in original location. Less than 25% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is not a problem. Water drainage is good all year. No special sections.

Tombstones date from the 19th century marble, granite, and limestone flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, carved relief-decorated, and double tombstones have Hebrew, Hungarian, and Romanian inscriptions. Some have traces of painting on their surfaces, iron decorations or lettering, and portraits on stones. No known mass graves.

The national Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are residential. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The never vandalized cemetery maintenance has been re-erection of stones and clearing vegetation. Current care is occasional clearing or cleaning by unpaid individuals. No structures.

Cosmina Popa, Tatra Street no. 4, tel. 064/ 128764, Cluj Napoca, 3400 and Ioana Oprea, Bd. 21 Decembrie, 13-15, 064/190849, Cluj-Napoca, 3400 visited the site and completed the survey on 10 August 2000 using the following documentation:

  • Recensamantul din 1850. Transilvania (1850 Jewish Population Census. Transylvania) coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1996.
  • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. History of the Jews of Transylvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian, Budapest, 1995, in Hungarian
  • Recensamantul general al populatiei din 29 decembrie 1930 (The General Census of the Population from December 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
  • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The Historical Dictionary of Localities in Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
They interviewed Capalnean Nicolae, Tarnaveni. [January 2003]
Last Updated on Monday, 20 August 2012 17:56
 
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