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TÎRGUL NEAMŢ: (judet Neamţ) PDF Print E-mail

US Commission No. ROCE-0441

Located at 47°12' 26°22' in Neamt County, Moldavia region. Alternate names are Mahala, Pomete, Pometea, and Targul Neamt.

REFERENCE:

See: abandoned sites; Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to East-Central Europe New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1992. - 201, 231-232

1 picture in book; Saros Laszlo and Vali Dezso. Tanu ez a kohalom . (This Cairn is Witness Today) ISBN 963 7476 172. Source: Bruce Kahn This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

The cemetery is located at Str. Batalion no. 6, Tirgu Neamţ, judet Neamţ,  4712 2622, 191.5 miles N of Bucharest and 130 km. from Iasi. Proper name of town is Mahala. Present town population is 25,000-100,000 with 10-100.

  • Mayor Precup Ignat, Str. Stefan cel Mare 12, Tirgu Neamţ, judet Neamţ.
  • The Jewish Community of Piatra Neamţ, Str. Petru Rares no. 7, Piatra Neamţ. Phone: 223815
  • The Federation of the Jewish Communities of Romania, Sfintu Vineri street, no. 9-11, sect. 3, Bucharest, Romania
  • A.D. Xenopol" Institute of History, Lascar Catargi Street, no. 15, 6600- Iasi Judet Iasi, Moldavia , Romania. Tel. 032/212614; e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it . Director: Alexandru Zub.
  • Key holder and caretaker: Anegroaiei Gheorghe, Str. Batalion no. 6, Tg.Neamţ

The Jewish population by 1772 census was 12 Jewish families, by 1899 census was 416 Jews, and in 1930 was 2,479. The cemetery was established in the 19th century. with the last known burial on May 9, 2000 (Ilie Haim).

The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery is 1.5 km from the congregation that used it. The isolated suburban hillside cemetery has sign in Romanian and Hebrew inscriptions on wall or gate. Reached by a public road, access is open with permission. A fence with a gate that locks surrounds the site.

Approximate pre- and post-WWII size is 200 X 150 m. About.5500 gravestones are in original location.1-20 stones are not in original location. More than 75% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year.

No special sections. The oldest known gravestone dates from aprox.1905. The flat shaped, carved relief decorated, sandstone, slate, and iron tombstones, some with traces of painting on their surfaces, iron decorations or letting, bronze decorations or lettering, and other metallic elements and metal fences around graves have Hebrew, Yiddish, German, Hungarian, and Romanian inscriptions.

The national Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are in village residential setting with houses, gardens, orchards, and pastures. Frequently, individual tours and private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors and local residents stop. The never vandalized cemetery has no maintenance. Current care is regular unpaid caretaker. Within the cemetery boundaries is a house. Weather erosion is a moderate threat.

This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , Clinicilor Street, no. 19, Cluj, Romania, tel. 064/190107. completed the survey on September 28, 2000 using the following documentation:

  • E. Schwarzfeld, Din istoria evreilor: împopularea, reîmpopularea si întemeierea tîrgurilor si tîrgusoarelor în Moldova, Bucuresti, 1894.
  • Recensamintul general al populatiei Romaniei. 1930, vol.II, Bucuresti, "Monitorul Oficial", 1938
  • N.Sutu, Notiti statistice asupra Moldaviei, Iasi, 1852.
  • George I.Lahovari, Marele dictionar geografic al României, 5 vol., Bucuresti, Edit.Socec, 1899.
  • Recensamintul general al populatiei Romaniei. 1930, vol.II, Bucuresti, "Monitorul Oficial", 1938
  • I.M.Dinescu, Fiii neamului de la 1859 la 1915. Statistica sociala pe întelesul tuturora, Iasi, Institutul de Arte Grafice N.V.Stefaniu, 1920.
  • Leonida Colescu, Analiza rezultatelor recensamîntului general al populatiei României de la 1899, cu o prefata de Sabin Manuila, Bucuresti, Institutul de statistica, 1944.
  • Pinkas Hakehillot, Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities Romania, I-II, Ierusalim, 1980.
  • D. Ivanescu , Populatia evreiasca din orasele si tîrgurile Moldovei între 1774-1832, în "Studia et acta historiae iudaeorum romaniae", II, Bucuresti, Edit.Hasefer, 1997, p.59-65

Lucian Nastasă interviewed Anegroaiei Gheorghe, Str. Batalion no. 6, Tg. Neamţ on 26 September 2000. [January 2003]

 

Photo courtesy Tamira Zidkiahu

Last Updated on Friday, 30 October 2009 21:17
 
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