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TÎRGU SECUIESC: judet Covasna PDF Print E-mail

US Commission No. ROCE-0271 -

The cemetery is located at Tirgu Secuiesc, Garii Street, 4050, judet Covasna, Romania, 4600 2608, 108.2 miles N of Bucharest and 30 km from Sfintu Gheorghe. The alternate Hungarian name is Kezdivasarhely. Present town population is 5,000-25,000 with fewer than 10 Jews.

  • Mayor Koros Sandor, Town Hall of Tirgu Secuiesc, 4050, judet Covasna
  • The Jewish Community of Brasov, Poarta Scheii Street no. 27, Romania, tel: 068/143532, Brasov, 2200, Romania
  • The Federation of The Jewish Communities of Romania, Sfintu Vineri Str., no. 9-11, sect. 3, Bucharest, Romania
  • Interested: "Dr. Moshe Carmilly" Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, Universitatii Street no. 7-9, room 61, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Director: Ladislau Gyemant, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  • Caretaker: Bodoc Iuliu, Cimitirului Street no. 25, Tirgu Secuiesc
  • Key holder: Boier Ludovic and Boier Susana, Oltului Street no. 50, bl. 2, sc. D, apt. 6, Sfintu Gheorghe, 4000, tel: 067/324881, judet Covasna

The Jewish population by census was fifteen in 1869-1870, sixty in 1880, 87 in 1900 and 97 in 1930. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the ghetto of Tirgu Mures and on May 27, 30 and June 8 were deported to the concentration camps. The unlandmarked Orthodox and Neolog The cemetery was established at end of the 19th century. Last known burial was inter-war period.

The urban hillside, separate but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open with permission. A fence with a gate that locks surrounds the site. Approximate pre- and post-WWII size is 352 square m. 20-100 stones are visible. 20-100 stones are in original location. 1-20 stones are not in original location. Less than 25% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is not a problem. Water drainage is a seasonal problem.

No special sections. The oldest known gravestone dates from end of the 19th century. The 19th and 20th century andesine memorial markers are flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, and carved relief-decorated common gravestones. Have Hebrew and Hungarian inscriptions. No known mass graves. The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are commercial or industrial. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop.

The never vandalized cemetery Maintenance has been cleaning stones and clearing vegetation. Current care is regular caretaker paid by the Jewish community of Brasov. No structures.

Claudia Ursutiu, Pietroasa Str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, tel. 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey on 3 December 2000 using the following documentation:

  • Recensamantul din 1880. Transilvania (1880 Transylvania Jewish Population Census.) coord.: Traian Rotariu, Bucharest 1997.
  • Recensamantul din 1900. (1900 Transylvania Jewish Population Census) coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj, 1999
  • Recensamantul general al populatiei din 29 decembrie 1930 (The General Census of the Population from December 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938 Recensamintul general al populatiei din Romania din 7 ianuarie 1992 (The General Census of the Population of Romania from January 7, 1992), vol. I, Bucuresti, 1994
  • Zsido Lexikon, ed. by Ujvari Peter, Budapest, 1929
  • Erdelyi Lajos, Regi zsidotemetok muveszete, Bukarest, Kriterion, 1980
  • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. History of the Jews of Transylvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian
  • Demeter Lajos, A Szepiszentgyorgyi regi zsido temeto sirkoveirol, in Evkonyv, 1996
  • Izvoare si marturii referitoare la evreii din Romania (Sources and Testimonies on the Jews in Romania), vol. III/1-2, coord. L. Gyemant, L. Benjamin, Bucuresti, Ed. Hasefer, 1999
  • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The historical dictionary of localities from Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
  • Otto Mitelstrass, Historisch-Landeskundlicher Atlas von Siebenburgen, Ortsnamenbuch, Heidelberg, 1992
  • Gyemant Ladislau, Evreii din Transilvania in epoca emanciparii (1790-1867), The Jews of Transylvania in the Age of the Emancipation, Bucuresti, Ed. Enciclopedica, 2000
  • Microsoft Auto Route Express 1999

Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed Boier Ludovic, 03. 12. 2000, Sfintu Gheorghe. [January 2003]

 
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