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SUPLACU de BARCAU: judet Bihor, Transylvania PDF Print E-mail

 

US Commission No. ROCE-0116 -

The cemetery is located in Suplacu de Barcau, 3798, judet Bihor, Romania at 4715 2232, 259.3 miles NW of Bucharest and 20 km. from Marghita. Alternate Romanian name: FOGLAS. Alternate Hungarian name: Berettyoszeplak. Present town population is 1,000-5,000 with no Jews.

  • Mayor Moldovan Eugen, Town Hall of Suplacu de Barcau
  • The Jewish Community of Oradea, Mihai Viteazu Street no. 4, 3700 Oradea, Romania, tel. 0040-59-134843 (132587)
  • The Federation of The Jewish Communities of Romania, Sfintu Vineri Street no. 9-11, sect. 3, Bucharest, Romania
  • Interested: "Dr. Moshe Carmilly" Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, Universitatii Street no. 7-9, room 61, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Director: Ladislau Gyemant, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  • Caretaker with key: Kuhn Lajos, 3798 Suplacu de Barcau, Calea Muncii Street no. 71

The 1880 Jewish population by census was 176, by 1900 census was 132, and in 1930 was 125 In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the Oradea ghetto and on May 23, 25, 28-30, and June 1-5, 27 were deported to Auschwitz. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was established in second half of 19th century. Last known burial was approximately 1960.

The rural/agricultural hillside, separate but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open with permission. A fence with a gate that locks surrounds the site. Approximate pre-and post-WWII size is 34 x 54 m. 20-100 stones are visible, some not in original location. Less than 25% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is not a problem. Water drainage is good all year.

No special sections. The oldest known gravestone dates from second half of 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble, limestone, and sandstone, and concrete flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, and carved relief-decorated, double tombstones, and sculpted monuments and multi-stone monuments have Hebrew and Hungarian inscriptions. The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are residential and local cemetery. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop at the never vandalized cemetery Maintenance has been cleaning stones and clearing vegetation by local non-Jewish residents in 1997. Current care is regular unpaid caretaker. No structures. No threats.

Ursutiu Claudia, Pietroasa Street no. 21, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, tel: 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey on 30 June 2000 using the following documentation:

  • Recensamantul din 1880. Transilvania(1880 Transylvania Jewish Population Census.) coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1997.
  • Recensamantul din 1900. (1900 Transylvania Jewish Population Census) coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj, 1999
  • Recensamintul general al popula]iei din 29 decembrie 1930, ( The General Census of the population from december 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
  • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. History of the Jews of Transylvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian
  • Recensamantul general al populatiei Romaniei din 29 decembrie 1930, vol. II (The General Census of the Population of Romania from 29 December 1930, vol. II), Bucuresti, 1938
  • Recensamintul general al populatiei din Romania din 7 ianuarie 1992 (The General Census of the Population of Romania from January 7, 1992), vol. I, Bucuresti, 1994
  • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The Historical Dictionary of Localities in Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
  • Otto Mitelstrass, Historisch-Landeskundlicher Atlas von Siebenburgen, Ortsnamenbuch, Heidelberg, 1992
  • Microsoft Auto Route Express 1999

Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed Kuhn Agneta, 30. 06. 2000, Suplacu de Barcau. [January 2003]

 
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