|SULINA: Dobrogea, Tulcea judet|
45°09' N, 29°40' E, 42 miles W of Tulcea. a town and free port in Tulcea County at the mouth of the Sulina branch of the Danube and the easternmost point of Romania and of continental European Union. The waters of the Danube, which flow into the Black Sea, form the largest and best preserved of Europe's deltas. The town has no road access. The only way to reach it is by boat that leaves Tulcea and goes along the Sulina branch of the Danube.
Romanian Newspaper article with photos of the Jewish cemetery: translation: "The place is the same. wild and feral horses and a mockery buried in sand by the Ministry of Elena Udrea. Today, about a new mockery at Sulina. As embarrassing as wasted money. In fact, all signs of civilization. When you do not mind this or gives too much, you răfuieşti the past. With death. With stones. Or leave them in poverty. Maritime cemetery is one of the few places to visit in the city of Sulina. I recommend you search on Google. Cemeteries in fact, because there are many in one. There is a Turkish cemetery, the Christian - and they are divided into zones (Lipovan, Romanian, Greek, Italian, English) - which is impressive tomb of a princess - Catherine Moruzi - and Hebrew. Strangely, this is actually the first to attract your eye. Probably because the outside looks abandoned. Once inside, the feeling is different. Namely that it was vandalized. It may be just an impression, but certainly is that much of the tombstones are fallen, broken or moved. Pictured front might not be the great and not capture the entire landscape. Yes, we know, look at all sensational. But we are a sensational country anyway. Even in the cemeteries."
The cemetery is located at Str. N. Balcescu No. 3, Sulina, judet Tulcea at 4509 2940, 181.6 miles ENE of Bucharest and 80 km from Tulcea. Present town population is 5,000-25,000 with no Jews.
The Jewish population by census was 87 in 1900 registered and 101 in 1930. The cemetery was established in 19th century. Last known burial was 1938. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery is 3 km from the congregation that used it.
The flat suburban land, separate but near other cemeteries, has Jewish symbols on wall or gate. Reached by a public road, access is open to all. A masonry wall with a gate that locks surrounds the site. Approximate pre- and post-WWII size is 70 m x 150 m/ 20-100 stones are visible. All gravestones are in original location. 50%-75% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is not a problem. Water drainage is good all year.
The oldest known gravestone dates from 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble, limestone, and sandstone gravestones have Hebrew, Yiddish, German, Hungarian, and Romanian inscriptions. Some have traces of painting on their surfaces, iron decorations or letting, bronze decorations or lettering, and other metallic elements. Some have metal fences around graves.
The national Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are agricultural. Rarely, local residents stop at the never vandalized cemetery
Lucian Nastasă interviewed Cojocaru Emanuel, Str. no. 3, Sulina on 11 June 2001. [January 2003]
|Last Updated on Monday, 03 October 2011 18:29|