|SIMIAN: Bihor County, Transylvania|
US Commission No. ROCE-0114 -
The cemetery was located at Simian, 3769, judet Bihor, Romania at 4729 2206, 284.9 miles NW of Bucharest and 17 km from Sacuieni. Alternate name: Ersemlyen (Hungarian). Present town population is 1,000-5,000 with no Jews.
The 1880 Jewish population by census was 161 and was 128 in 1900. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the Oradea ghetto and on May 23, 25, 28-30, and June 1-5, 27 were deported to Auschwitz. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was established in the second half of 19th century. Buried there is Cohan - Katz Ignatz (1885-1940.) Last known burial was 1940.
The isolated rural/agricultural hillside has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open with permission. A fence with a gate that locks surrounds the site. Approximate pre- and post-WWII size is 500 m. 20-100 stones are visible, some not in original location. Less than 25% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is not a problem. Water drainage is a constant problem.
No special sections. The oldest known gravestone dates from second half of 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble and sandstone flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, and carved relief-decorated common gravestones have Hebrew and Hungarian inscriptions. The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery and orchard. Adjacent properties are agricultural. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The cemetery was vandalized during WWII. Maintenance has been patching broken stones, cleaning stones, and clearing vegetation by local non-Jewish residents in 1970. Current care is regular unpaid caretaker. No structures. No threats.
Ursutiu Claudia, Pietroasa Street no. 21, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, tel: 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey on 29 June 2001 using the following documentation:
Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed Kordasz Sandor, 29. 06. 2000, Simian. [January 2003]