SACUENI: Bihor County, Transylvania Print

 

US Commission No. ROCE-0106 -

Cemetery is located in Sacueni, 3750, Irinyi Janos Str., judet Bihor, Romania 4721 2206, 278.3 miles NW of Bucharest and 42 km. from Oradea. Alternate name: Szekelyhid (Hungarian.) Present town population is 5,000-25,000 with no Jews.

  • Mayor Gyurcsik Zoltan, Town Hall of Sacueni, 3750, judet Bihor, Romania
    The Jewish Community of Oradea, Mihai Viteazu Street no. 4, 3700 Oradea, Romania, tel. 0040-59-134843 (132587)
  • The Federation of The Jewish Communities of Romania, Sfintu Vineri Street no. 9-11, sect. 3, Bucharest, Romania
  • Interested: "Dr. Moshe Carmilly" Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, Universitatii Street no. 7-9, room 61, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Director: Ladislau Gyemant, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  • Caretaker with key: Hrvath Sandor, Sacuieni, Irinyi Janos Street no. 152

The 1880 Jewish population by census was 305, y 1900 census was 409, ad in 1930 was 547. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the Oradea ghetto and on May 23, 25, 28-30, and June 1-5, 27 were deported to Auschwitz. Noteworthy Jewish residents of the community was Rosner Jehuda Szegal (1879-1944), Orthodox rabbi. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was established in middle of the 19th century with last known burial in 1959.

The isolated rural/agricultural flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road,
access is open to all via a non-locking gate. Approximate pre-WWII size is unknown. Approximate post-WWII size is 44 x 56 m. 20-100 stones are visible, some not in original location. 25%-50% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year.

No special sections. The oldest known gravestone dates from second half of 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble, limestone, and sandstone, and concrete and local stone flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, and carved relief-decorated, double tombstones, and sculpted monuments have Hebrew and Hungarian inscriptions. The cemetery has Holocaust memorial.

The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are residential. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The never vandalized cemetery maintenance has been re-erection of stones, cleaning stones, and clearing vegetation by Jewish individuals within the country in 1996. Current care is regular unpaid caretaker. No structures. Vegetation is a moderate threat. Incompatible nearby development is a moderate threat.

Ursutiu Claudia, Pietroasa Street no. 21, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, tel: 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey on 2 July 2000 using the following documentation:

  • Recensamantul din 1880. Transilvania(1880 Transylvania Jewish Population Census.) coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1997.
  • Recensamantul din 1900. (1900 Transylvania Jewish Population Census) coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj, 1999
  • Recensamintul general al popula]iei din 29 decembrie 1930, ( The General Census of the population from december 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
  • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. History of the Jews of Transylvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian
  • Recensamantul general al populatiei Romaniei din 29 decembrie 1930, vol.
    II (The General Census of the Population of Romania from 29 December 1930,
    vol. II), Bucuresti, 1938
  • Recensamintul general al populatiei din Romania din 7 ianuarie 1992 (The General Census of the Population of Romania from January 7, 1992), vol. I, Bucuresti, 1994
  • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The Historical Dictionary of Localities in Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
  • Otto Mitelstrass, Historisch-Landeskundlicher Atlas von Siebenburgen, Ortsnamenbuch, Heidelberg, 1992
  • Microsoft Auto Route Express 1999

Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed Ratiu Gheorghe (Petofi Sandor Street no. 99, tel. 0040-59-352867) Sacuieni on 2 July 2000. [January 2003]