ROSIORI DE VEDE: judet Teleorman Print

 

The cemetery is located at Rosiorii de Vede, Stelian Popescu Street no. 3, 0600, judet Teleorman, Romania. 4407 2459, 59.4 miles WSW of Bucharest and 50 km from Caracal. Present town population is 25,000-100,000 with fewer than 10 Jews.

  • Local Authority: Mayor Fierescu Vasile, Town Hall of Rosiorii de Vede, 0600, Romania
  • National religious authority: The Federation of the Jewish Communities of Romania, Sfintu Vineri Str., no. 9-11, sector 3, Bucharest, Romania.
  • Interested: "Dr. Moshe Carmilly" Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History,
    Universitatii Street no. 7-9, room 61, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Director:
    Ladislau Gyemant, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
  • No caretaker

The 1889 Jewish census population was registered 30 Jewish inhabitants and was 53 in 1930. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was established at end of the 19th century. Last known burial was 1983.

The urban hill, part of a municipal cemetery, has no sign or marker. Reached via other public property, (Greek-Orthodox cemetery) access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate. Approximate pre-WWII size is unknown. Approximate post-WWII size is spread [sic] between the Orthodox graves. 1-20 stones are visible. 1-20 stones are in original location. 1-20 stones are not in original location. More than 75% of the stones are toppled or broken. Stones removed from the cemetery are now stone graves used in the Greek-Orthodox burials. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is not a problem. Water drainage is good all year.

The oldest known gravestone dates from end of the 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble, granite, limestone, and concrete memorial markers are flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, and carved relief-decorated. Some have metal fences around graves. Inscriptions are in Hebrew and Romanian. No known mass graves.

The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are commercial or industrial and residential. Compared to 1939, the cemetery boundaries enclose a smaller area due to being encroached upon by the Greek- Orthodox cemetery. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The cemetery was vandalized frequently in the last ten years. No maintenance. No care now. No structures. Security is a very severe threat: (no gate, no fence.) Vandalism is a very serious threat. Stones were stolen; and the graves are now used by the Greek-Orthodox.

Ursutiu Claudia, Pietroasa Street no. 21, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, tel: 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey on 10 July 2001 using the following documentation:

  • Recensamantul general al populatiunei Romaniei din decembrie 1899 (The
    General Census of the Population of Romania from December 1889), Bucuresti,
    Lito-tipografia L. Motzatzeanu, 1900
  • Recensamantul general al populatiei Romaniei din 29 decembrie 1930, vol.
    II (The General Census of the Population of Romania from 29 December 1930,
    vol. II), Bucuresti, 1938
  • N. Iorga, Istoria evreilor in terile noastre (The History of the Jews of
    our Countries), Bucuresti, 1913.
  • M. Schwarzfeld, O ochire asupra istoriei evreilor din timpurile cele mai
    departate pina la anul 1850
    , (A look upon the Jewish History from the
    beginning until 1850), Bucuresti, 1887
  • C. Iancu, Evreii din Romania 1866-1919 (The Jews from Romania), Bucuresti
    1996

Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed Mihai Ion, Stelian Popescu Street no. 5, 10 07. 2001, Rosiorii de Vede. [January 2003]