ROSIORI: Bihor County, Transylvania Print

 

US Commission No. ROCE-0105
The cemetery is located in Rosiori, com. Diosig, 3747, judet Bihor, Romania at 4715 2157, 12.7 miles N of Oradea at 4704 2156. Alternate name: Biharfelegyhaza (Hungarian.) Present town population is 1,000-5,000 with no Jews.

  • Mayor Varga Sandor, Town Hall of Diosig, judet Bihor, Romania
  • The Jewish Community of Oradea, Mihai Viteazu Street no. 4, 3700 Oradea, Romania, tel. 0040-59-134843 (132587)
  • The Federation of The Jewish Communities of Romania, Sfintu Vineri Street no. 9-11, sect. 3, Bucharest, Romania
  • Interested: "Dr. Moshe Carmilly" Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, Universitatii Street no. 7-9, room 61, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Director: Ladislau Gyemant, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  • Caretaker with key: Csardas Adalbert, Rosiori, no. 287

The 1880 Jewish population by census was 52, by 1900 census was 54 and in 1930 was 143. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the Oradea ghetto and on May 23, 25, 28-30, and June 1-5, 27 were deported to Auschwitz. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was established in second half of 19th century with last known burial at beginning of 20th century.

The rural/agricultural flat land, separate but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker. Reached via private property, access is open with permission. A fence with a no gate surrounds the site. Approximate pre-WWII size is unknown. Approximate post-WWII size is 8 x 6 m. 1-20 stones are visible, some not in original location. Less than 25% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is not a problem. Water drainage is good all year. No special sections. The oldest known gravestone dates from 1875. The 19th and 20th century marble and limestone flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, and carved relief-decorated common gravestones have Hebrew and Hungarian inscriptions.

The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery and orchard. Adjacent properties are commercial or industrial and other. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The never vandalized cemetery maintenance has been cleaning stones and clearing vegetation by local non-Jewish residents in 1999. Current care is regular unpaid caretaker. No structures.

Ursutiu Claudia, Pietroasa Street no. 21, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, tel: 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey on 3 July 2000 using the following documentation:

  • Recensamantul din 1880. Transilvania(1880 Transylvania Jewish Population Census.) coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1997.
  • Recensamantul din 1900. (1900 Transylvania Jewish Population Census) coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj, 1999
  • Recensamintul general al popula]iei din 29 decembrie 1930, ( The General Census of the population from december 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
  • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. History of the Jews of Transylvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian
  • Recensamantul general al populatiei Romaniei din 29 decembrie 1930, vol.
    II (The General Census of the Population of Romania from 29 December 1930,
    vol. II), Bucuresti, 1938
  • Recensamintul general al populatiei din Romania din 7 ianuarie 1992 (The General Census of the Population of Romania from January 7, 1992), vol. I, Bucuresti, 1994
  • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The Historical Dictionary of Localities in Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
  • Otto Mitelstrass, Historisch-Landeskundlicher Atlas von Siebenburgen, Ortsnamenbuch, Heidelberg, 1992
  • Izvoare si marturii referitoare la evreii din Romania (Sources and Testimonies Concerning the Jews of Romania), III/1, Bucuresti, Hasefer, 1999.
  • Microsoft Auto Route Express 1999

Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed Csardas Adalbert, Rosiori on 01 July. 2000. [January 2003]