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PISCOLT: Satu Mare County, Transylvania PDF Print E-mail

 

US Commission No. ROCE-0569 -
The cemetery is located at Piscolt, 3830, judet Satu Mare, 4735 2218, 283.7 miles NW of Bucharest and 20 km from Carei. Alternate name: Piskolt (Hungarian). Present town population is 1,000-5,000.
with no Jews.

  • Mayor Dobos Iosif, Town Hall of Piscolt, judet Satu Mare
  • The Jewish Community of Satu Mare, Decebal Street no. 4A, 3900 Satu Mare, Romania, tel. 0040-61-713703
  • The Federation of the Jewish Communities of Romania, Sfintu Vineri Str., no 9-11, Sector 3, Bucharest, Romania.
  • "Dr. Moshe Carmilly" Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, Universitatii Street, no. 7-9, room 61, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, director: Ladislau Gyemant, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  • Key holder and caretaker: none

The 1880 Jewish population by census was 220, by 1900 census was 158, and in 1930 was 121. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the ghetto of Carei, then in that from Satu Mare and on May 19, 22, 26, 29, 30, 31, and June 1 were deported to Auschwitz. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was established in second half of the 19th century. Last known burial was inter-war period.

The isolated rural/agricultural flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate. Approximate pre-WWII size is unknown. Approximate post-WWII size is approximately 50 x 20 m. 20-100 stones are visible, some not in original location. More than 75% of the stones are toppled or broken. Stones removed from the cemetery are probably in local farms. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is not a problem. Water drainage is good all year.

The oldest known gravestone dates from second half of the 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble, granite, limestone, sandstone, and concrete flat shaped and smoothed and inscribed common gravestones have Hebrew inscriptions. No known mass graves. The local Jewish community owns the property used for waste dumping. Adjacent properties are agricultural. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop.

The cemetery was vandalized frequently in the last ten years. No maintenance. No care now. No structures. Security is a very severe threat: no fence, no gate and outside of the village. Weather erosion is a serious threat: many of the stones were destroyed by erosion. Vandalism is a very serious threat: many stones stolen by local residents.

. Claudia Ursutiu, Pietroasa Str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, tel. 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey 26 July 2000 using the following documentation:

  • Recensamantul din 1880. Transilvania (1880 Transylvania Jewish Population Census.) coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1997.
  • Recensamantul din 1900. (1900 Transylvania Jewish Population Census) coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj, 1999
  • Recensamantul general al populatiei din 29 decembrie 1930 (The General Census of the Population from December 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
  • Recensamintul general al populatiei din Romania din 7 ianuarie 1992 (The General Census of the Population of Romania from January 7, 1992), vol. I, Bucuresti, 1994
  • Zsido Lexicon, ed. by Ujvari Peter, Budapest, 1929
  • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. History of the Jews of Transylvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian
  • Izvoare si marturii referitoare la evreii din Romania (Sources and Testimonies on the Jews in Romania), vol. III/1-2, coord. L. Gyemant, L. Benjamin, Bucuresti, Ed. Hasefer, 1999
  • Ladislau Gyemant, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , Evreii din Transilvania in epoca emanciparii, 1790-1867 (The Jews of Transylvania in the Age of Emancipation 1790-1867), Bucuresti, ed, Enciclopedica, 2000
  • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The Historical Dictionary of Localities in Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
  • Otto Mitelstrass, Historisch-Landeskundlicher Atlas von Siebenburgen, Ortsnamenbuch, Heidelberg, 1992
  • Microsoft Auto Route Express 1999

Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed Irimus Maria, no. 199, Piscolt. [January 2003]

Last Updated on Saturday, 24 January 2009 13:00
 
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