|PELES: Satu Mare County, Transylvania|
US Commission No. ROCE-0565
The cemetery is located at Peles, 3993, com. Lazuri, judet Satu Mare, 4753 2249, 285.3 miles NNW of Bucharest and 22 km from Satu Mare. Alternate name: Nagypeleske (Hungarian). Present town population is under 1,000 with no Jews.
The 1880 Jewish population by census was 96, by 1900 census was 138 and in 1930 was 63. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the ghetto of Satu Mare and on May 19, 22, 26, 29, 30, 31, and June 1 were deported to Auschwitz. The unlandmarked Orthodox, Hasidic cemetery was established in second half of the 19th century. Last known burial was inter-war period
The rural/agricultural flat land, separate but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open to all. A fence with a non-locking gate surrounds the site. Approximate pre-WWII size is unknown. Approximate post-WWII size is 44 x 14 m. 1-20 stones are visible, some or all not in original location. More than 75% of the stones are toppled or broken. Stones removed from the cemetery are probably in surrounding farms. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is not a problem. Water drainage is good all year.
The oldest known gravestone dates from second half of the 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble and limestone flat shaped and smoothed and inscribed common gravestones have Hebrew inscriptions. No known mass graves. The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are in village residential setting with houses, gardens, orchards, and pastures. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The cemetery was vandalized occasionally in the last ten years. Maintenance has been clearing vegetation. Current care is regular unpaid caretaker. No structures. Vandalism is a moderate threat.
Claudia Ursutiu, Pietroasa Str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, tel. 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey 23 July 2000 using the following documentation:
Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed Varga Andras, Peles. [January 2003].