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ODOREU: Satu Mare County, Transylvania PDF Print E-mail


Alternate names: Odoreul and Sztmarudvari. Located at 47°48' 23°00'. Odoreu is a big farm, about 5 km. from Satu Mare with no current Jewish population. After the Holocaust, there were about 70 Jews. The cemetery is located in the center of the farm, surrounded with small farm-style buildings. The cemetery is about 50x15 m and includes about fifty graves, but many of the tombstones are in bad condition. Most of the tombs disappear in thick vegetation. The concrete fence was broken opened by the local citizens, who use it to pass through the cemetery. Neighboring farmers led their geese into the cemetery. Outside the cemetery was an area that belonged to the cemetery. I heard that the Jewish Federation of Satu Mare repaired the broken fence and that area was sold. Source: David Holits, 6/16 HaMifras St., ASHDOD 77414, Israel; e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


UPDATE - US Commission No. ROCE-0563:

The cemetery is located at Odoreu, 3981, judet Satu Mare, Romania at 4748 2300, 275.7 miles NNW of Bucharest. The alternate name is Szatmarudvari. Present town population is 1,000-5,000 with no Jews.

  • Mayor Pop Dumitru, Town Hall of Odoreu, judet Satu Mare
  • The Jewish Community of Satu Mare, Decebal Street no. 4A, 3900 Satu Mare, Romania, tel. 0040-61-713703
  • The Federation of The Jewish Communities of Romania, Sfintu Vineri Street no. 9-11, sect. 3, Bucharest, Romania
  • "Dr. Moshe Carmilly" Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, Universitatii Street no. 7-9, room 61, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Director: Ladislau Gyemant, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  • "A.D. Xenopol" Institute of History, Lascar Catargi Street, no. 15, 6400- Iasi Judet Iasi, Moldavia , Romania. Tel. 032/212614; e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it . Director: Alexandru Zub.
  • Key holder and caretaker: Cuha Ioan, Odoreu, no. 20

The 1880 Jewish population by census was 153, by 1900 census was 162 and in 1930 was 114. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the ghetto of Satu Mare and on May 19, 22, 26, 29, 30, 31, and June 1 were deported to Auschwitz. The unlandmarked Orthodox c emetery was established in second half of the 19th century with last known burial in inter-war period.

The rural/agricultural flat land, separate but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker.
Reached via private property, access is open to all. A broken masonry wall with a non-locking gate surrounds the site. Approximate pre-WWII size is unknown. Approximate post-WWII size is 52 x 16 m. 20-100 stones are visible. 20-100 stones are in original location. 1-20 stones are not in original location. Less than 25% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year.

No special sections. The oldest known gravestone dates from second half of the 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble, granite, limestone, sandstone, and concrete, and local stone memorial markers are flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, and carved relief-decorated common gravestones. They have Hebrew inscriptions. No known mass graves.

The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are residential. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The cemetery was vandalized occasionally in the last ten years or in the last ten years. [sic] Maintenance has been re-erection of stones, cleaning stones, and clearing vegetation by Jewish individuals abroad in 1997. Current care is regular unpaid caretaker. No structures. Weather erosion is a moderate threat.

Claudia Ursutiu, Pietroasa Str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, tel. 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey in 2000 using the following documentation:

  • Recensamantul din 1880. Transilvania (1880 Transylvania Jewish Population Census.) coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1997.
  • Recensamantul din 1900. (1900 Transylvania Jewish Population Census) coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj, 1999
  • Recensamantul general al populatiei din 29 decembrie 1930 (The General Census of the Population from December 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
  • Recensamintul general al populatiei din Romania din 7 ianuarie 1992 (The General Census of the Population of Romania from January 7, 1992), vol. I, Bucuresti, 1994
  • Zsido Lexicon, ed. by Ujvari Peter, Budapest, 1929
  • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. History of the Jews of Transylvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian
  • Izvoare si marturii referitoare la evreii din Romania (Sources and Testimonies on the Jews in Romania), vol. III/1-2, coord. L. Gyemant, L. Benjamin, Bucuresti, Ed. Hasefer, 1999
  • Ladislau Gyemant, Evreii din Transilvania in epoca emanciparii, 1790-1867 (The Jews of Transylvania in the Age of Emancipation 1790-1867), Bucuresti, ed, Enciclopedica, 2000
  • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The Historical Dictionary of Localities in Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
  • Otto Mitelstrass, Historisch-Landeskundlicher Atlas von Siebenburgen, Ortsnamenbuch, Heidelberg, 1992
  • Microsoft Auto Route Express 1999

Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed.Cuha Ioan, 2000, Odoreu. [January 2003]



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