NASAUD: Bistrita County, Transylvania Print

 

NASAUD I: US Commission No. ROCE-0159

The cemetery is located at Nasaud, Cimitirului Street, cod 4500, judet Bistrita, 4717 2424, 213.1 miles NNW of Bucharest and 20 km. from Bistrita. Alternate name: Naszod (Hungarian), Nussendorf (German). Present town population is 25,000-100,000 with fewer than 10 Jews.

  • Mayor Muresan Dumitru, P-ta Centrala, no. 15, Nasaud
  • The Jewish Community of Bistrita, Gr. Balan Street, 71, cod 4400, Bistrita, Romania
  • The Federation of the Jewish Communities of Romania,Sfintu Vineri Str., no 9-11, Sector 3, Bucharest, Romania.
  • "Dr. Moshe Carmilly" Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, Universitatii Street, no. 7-9, room 61, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, director: Ladislau Gyemant, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  • Key holder and caretaker: Dedea Traian, Valea Caselor Street, no. 17, tel. 278, Nasaud

The 1850 Jewish population by census was 179 and in 1930 was 419. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the ghetto of Nasaud and after several days in that from Bistrita and in June 2-6, 1944 were deported to Auschwitz The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was established in 19th century. Last known burial was 1995.

The urban hillside, separate but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open with permission. A fence with a gate that locks surrounds the site. Approximate pre- and post-WWII size is 100 m X 50 m. 100-500 stones are visible. 20-100 stones are not in original location. Less than 25% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year. No special sections.

The oldest known gravestone dates from 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble, granite, limestone, and sandstone common gravestones have Hebrew inscriptions. No known mass graves. The national Jewish community owns the property used for orchard. Adjacent properties are agricultural. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The cemetery was vandalized occasionally in the last ten years. Maintenance has been re-erecting and cleaning stones and clearing vegetation and fixing wall. Current care is occasional clearing or cleaning by unpaid individuals. No structures. Weather erosion is a moderate threat. Vandalism is a moderate threat: The gate does not lock.

Cosmina Popa, Tatra Street no. 4, tel. 064/ 128764, Cluj Napoca, 3400 and Ioana Raiciu, Bd. 21 Decembrie, 13-15, 064/190849, Cluj-Napoca, 3400 visited the site and completed the survey on July 27, 2000 using the following documentation:

  • The General Census of the Population of Transylvania- 1857, Bucharest, Ed. Staff, 1996
  • Wager, Ernest. Historisch- Statistisches- Ortsnamenbuch fur Siebenburgen- Ernst Wagner, Ed. Bohlau, 1977
  • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. Istoria evreilor din Transilvania (1623-1944), Bucharest, 1994 (Romanian version); Budapest, 1995 (Hungarian version)
  • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localităţilor din Transilvania, I-II, Bucharest, 1968.
  • Recensamintul general al populatiei din Transilvania ? 1930 decembrie 29, I-III, Bucharest, 1938

They interviewed Dedea Traian, Nasaud. [January 2003]

NASAUD II: US Commission No. ROCE-0160
The cemetery is located at Nasaud, Lusca district,no. 36, cod 4500, judet Bistrita, Romania.
  • Key holder and caretaker:Galben Nicolae, Lusca district, no. 36

The 1850 Jewish population by census was 179 and from 1930 census was 419. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the ghetto of Nasaud and after several days in that from Bistrita and in June 2-6, 1944 were deported to Auschwitz The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was established in 19th century. Last known burial was 20th century.

The isolated suburban hillside has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open with permission. A fence with a non-locking gate surrounds the site. Approximate pre- and post-WWII size is 80 m X 30 m. 20-100 stones are visible. 1-20 stones are not in original location. 25%-50% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year. No special sections.

The 19th and 20th century marble, granite, sandstone, and limestone common gravestones have Hebrew inscriptions. No known mass graves. The national Jewish community owns the property used for orchard. Adjacent properties are residential. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The cemetery was vandalized occasionally in the last ten years. Maintenance has been cleaning stones and clearing vegetation. Current care is occasional clearing or cleaning by unpaid individuals. No structures. Weather erosion is a moderate threat: very old gravestones.

Cosmina Popa, Tatra Street no. 4, tel. 064/ 128764, Cluj Napoca, 3400 and Ioana Raiciu, Bd. 21 Decembrie, 13-15, 064/190849, Cluj-Napoca, 3400 visited the site and completed the survey on July 27, 2000 using the following documentation:

  • The General Census of the Population of Transylvania- 1857, Bucharest, Ed. Staff, 1996
  • Wager, Ernest. Historisch- Statistisches- Ortsnamenbuch fur Siebenburgen- Ernst Wagner, Ed. Bohlau, 1977
  • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. Istoria evreilor din Transilvania (1623-1944), Bucharest, 1994 (Romanian version); Budapest, 1995 (Hungarian version)
  • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localităţilor din Transilvania, I-II, Bucharest, 1968.
  • Recensamintul general al populatiei din Transilvania ? 1930 decembrie 29, I-III, Bucharest, 1938

They interviewed Dedea Traian, Nasaud. [January 2003]