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Also see BACĂU. US Commission No. _

The cemetery is located in com. Livezi, Bacău judet, Moldavia region at 46°28' 26°52', 31 km from Bacău. Present town population is 1,000-5,000 with no Jews.

  • Local Authority: Mayor Padaluta Cezar, Livezi, Bacău judet
  • Religious Authority: The Jewish Community of Bacău, str. Alexandru cel Bun 16
  • Regional Authority: The Federation of the Jewish Communities of Romania, Sf. Vineri str., no. -11, sector 3, Bucharest, Romania.
  • Interested: "A.D. Xenopol" Institute of History, Lascar Catargi str., no. 15, 6400- Iasi (Iasi judet), Romania. Tel. 032/212614; e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it . Director: Alexandru Zub.
  • Caretaker: Tudorache Margareta, com. Livezi, Bacău judet

The 1899 Census registered 17 Jewish inhabitants. The 1930 Census registered 11 Jewish inhabitants. This Jewish cemetery was established in the 19th century. The last known Jewish burial in cemetery was in 20th century. The unlandmarked Conservative cemetery was 2 km from the congregation that used it.

The isolated rural (agricultural) hillside has no sign or marker. Reached by crossing private property, access is open to all. Reached by turning directly off a public road, the site has a gate that does not lock. The pre- and post-WWII size is 100 m X 40 m. 20 to 100 tombstones are visible in the cemetery. 1 to 20 are not in original location. More than 75% are toppled or broken. Vegetation overgrowth is a seasonal problem, preventing access. Water drainage is good all year.

Tombstones date from the 19th to 20th century. The limestone, sandstone, and other material tombstones are rough stones or boulders, finely smoothed and inscribed stones, and flat stones with carved relief decoration, some with portraits on stones. Inscriptions are in Hebrew and Romanian. The national Jewish community owns the cemetery property used for agricultural purposes.

Adjacent properties are agricultural. Compared to 1939, the cemetery boundaries enclose the same area. Rarely, private visitors (Jewish or non-Jewish) and local residents stop. The cemetery was vandalized occasionally. No maintenance. An unpaid caretaker exists but no care. No structures. Open access/security are serious threats. Weather erosion, vegetation, and vandalism are moderate threats.

This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , Clinicilor str., no. 19, Cluj, Romania, tel. 064/190107 completed the survey on July 18, 2000 using the following documentation:

  • Leonida Colescu, Analiza rezultatelor recensamîntului general al populatiei Romaniei de la 1899, cu o prefată de Sabin Manuila, Bucuresti, Institutul de statistica, 1944.
  • I.M. Dinescu, Fiii neamului de la 1859 la 1915. Statistica sociala pe întelesul tuturora, Iasi, Institutul de Arte Grafice N.V.Stefaniu, 1920.
  • Pinkas Hakehillot, Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities Romania, I-II, Jerusalem, 1980.
  • D. Ivanescu, Populatia evreiască din orasele si tîrgurile Moldovei între 1774-1832 , în "Studia et acta historiae iudaeorum Romaniae", II, Bucuresti, Edit.Hasefer, 1997, p. 59-65.
  • George I. Lahovari, Marele dictionar geografic al Romaniei, 5 vol., Bucuresti, Edit.Socec, 1899.
  • E. Schwarzfeld, Din istoria evreilor: împopularea, reîmpopularea si întemeierea tîrgurilor si tîrgusoarelor în Moldova, Bucuresti, 1894.
  • N. Sutu, Notiti statistice asupra Moldaviei, Iasi, 1852.
He visited July 16, 2000 and interviewed Tudorache Margareta, com. Lespezi, Bacău judet. [June 2002]
Last Updated on Thursday, 10 April 2014 06:59
 
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