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Alternate/former town names: Sarkoz, Sarkoz Ujlak (Hung.) and Livada in Satu Mare County at 47°52"' N, 23°08' E about 126 km NNW of Cluj.


LIVADA I: Satu Mare County, Transylvania
The cemetery is located in Livada, 3913, judet Satu Mare, Romania at 4752 2308, 276.2 miles NNW of Bucharest and 23 km from Satu Mare. The alternate name is Sarkozujlak (Hungarian). Present town population is 1,000-5,000 with no Jews.

  • Mayor Sebesi Janos, Town Hall of Livada, judet Satu Mare
  • Interested: Comunitatea Evreilor din Satu Mare, Str. Decebal Nr. 4, Satu Mare, (telephone: 74 37 83). (The Jewish Community of Satu Mare, Decebal Str. no. 4A, 3900 Satu Mare, Romania, tel. 0040-61-713703)
  • The Federation of The Jewish Communities of Romania, Sf. Vineri Str. no. 9-11, sect. 3, Bucharest, Romania (Federatia Comunitatilor Evreiesti din Romania, Strada SF. Vineri 9-11, Sector 3, Bucuresti, Romania)
  • "Dr. Moshe Carmilly" Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, Universitatii Str. no. 7-9, room 61, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Director: Ladislau Gyemant, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  • "A.D. Xenopol" Institute of History, Lascar Catargi Str., no. 15, 6400- Iasi (judet Iasi), Romania. Tel. 032/212614; e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it . Director: Alexandru Zub.
  • Key holder and caretaker: Sebesi Iozsef, Cimitirului Str. no. 259
  • The 1880 Jewish population by census was 92, by 1900 census was 59, and in 1930 was 145. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the ghetto of Satu Mare and on May 19, 22, 26, 29, 30, 31, and June 1 were deported to Auschwitz. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was established in second half of the 19th century with last known burial in 1939.

    The rural/agricultural flat land, part of a municipal cemetery, has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open to all. A masonry wall with a non-locking gate surrounds the site. Approximate pre-WWII size is unknown. Approximate post-WWII size is 17 x 40 m. 20-100 stones are visible, some not in original location. 25%-50% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year.

    The cemetery has special section for Cohanim. The oldest known gravestone is from 1886. The 19th and 20th century marble, granite, limestone, sandstone, and concrete flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, and carved relief-decorated memorial markers have Hebrew and Hungarian inscriptions. Some have metal fences around graves. The cemetery has Holocaust memorial. No known mass graves.

    The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are residential. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop at the never vandalized cemetery maintenance has been re-erection of stones, cleaning stones, and clearing vegetation by local non-Jewish residents in 2000. Current care is regular unpaid caretaker. No structures).

    Claudia Ursutiu, Pietroasa Str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, tel. 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey in July 2000 using the following documentation:

    • Recensamantul din 1880. Transilvania coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1997.
    • Recensamantul din 1900. Transilvania Traian Rotariu, Cluj, 1999
    • Recensamantul general al populatiei din 29 decembrie 1930 (The General Census of the Population from December 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
      Recensamintul general al populatiei din Romania din 7 ianuarie 1992 (The General Census of the Population of Romania from January 7, 1992), vol. I, Bucuresti, 1994
    • Zsido Lexicon, ed. by Ujvari Peter, Budapest, 1929
    • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. History of the Jews of Transylvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian
    • Izvoare si marturii referitoare la evreii din Romania (Sources and Testimonies on the Jews in Romania), vol. III/1-2, coord. L. Gyemant, L. Benjamin, Bucuresti, Ed. Hasefer, 1999
    • Ladislau Gyemant, Evreii din Transilvania in epoca emanciparii, 1790-1867 (The Jews of Transylvania in the Age of Emancipation 1790-1867), Bucuresti, ed, Enciclopedica, 2000
    • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The Historical Dictionary of Localities in Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
    • Otto Mitelstrass, Historisch-Landeskundlicher Atlas von Siebenburgen, Ortsnamenbuch, Heidelberg, 1992
    • Microsoft Auto Route Express 1999

    Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed Gabor Sarolta, Livada. [January 2003]


    LIVADA II:

    For town information see LIVADA I. The cemetery is located in Livada, Satu Mare Str. no. 23, 3913, judet Satu Mare, Romania

  • Key holder: Gabor Geza, Satu Mare Str. no. 23, Livada.
  • The 1880 Jewish population by census was 92, by 1900 census was 59, and in 1930 was 145. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the ghetto of Satu Mare and on May 19, 22, 26, 29, 30, 31, and June 1 were deported to Auschwitz. The unlandmarked Orthodox Hasidic The cemetery was established in second half of the 19th century. Last known burial was beginning of the 20th century.

    The rural/agricultural flat land, separate but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker.

    Reached via private property, access is open with permission. A masonry wall with a gate that locks surrounds the site. Approximate pre-WWII size is unknown. Approximate post-WWII size is 12 x 81 m. 20-100 stones are visible. 1-20 stones are not in original location. Less than 25% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is not a problem. Water drainage is good all year.

    No special sections. The oldest known gravestone dates from second half of the 19th century. The 19th century limestone and sandstone flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, and carved relief-decorated common gravestones have Hebrew inscriptions. No known mass graves.

    The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery and orchard. Adjacent properties are residential. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop at the never vandalized cemetery maintenance has been re-erection of stones, cleaning stones, and clearing vegetation. Current care is regular unpaid caretaker. No structures. Weather erosion is a moderate threat.

    Claudia Ursutiu, Pietroasa Str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, tel. 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey in July 2000 using the following documentation:

    • Recensamantul din 1880. Transilvania coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1997.
    • Recensamantul din 1900. Transilvania Traian Rotariu, Cluj, 1999
    • Recensamantul general al populatiei din 29 decembrie 1930 (The General Census of the Population from December 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
      Recensamintul general al populatiei din Romania din 7 ianuarie 1992 (The General Census of the Population of Romania from January 7, 1992), vol. I, Bucuresti, 1994
    • Zsido Lexicon, ed. by Ujvari Peter, Budapest, 1929
    • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. History of the Jews of Transylvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian
    • Izvoare si marturii referitoare la evreii din Romania (Sources and Testimonies on the Jews in Romania), vol. III/1-2, coord. L. Gyemant, L. Benjamin, Bucuresti, Ed. Hasefer, 1999
    • Ladislau Gyemant, Evreii din Transilvania in epoca emanciparii, 1790-1867 (The Jews of Transylvania in the Age of Emancipation 1790-1867), Bucuresti, ed, Enciclopedica, 2000
    • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The Historical Dictionary of Localities in Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
    • Otto Mitelstrass, Historisch-Landeskundlicher Atlas von Siebenburgen, Ortsnamenbuch, Heidelberg, 1992
    • Microsoft Auto Route Express 1999

    Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed Gabor Sarolta, Livada. [January 2003]

     

    The isolated rural (agricultural), flat land, has no sign but has Jewish symbols on gate/wall. Cemetery is reached by crossing private property. A continuous masonry wall and a locking gate surround approximately 50-60 gravestones of which 1-20 (maybe 24) are in original locations. 25-50% of surviving stones are toppled or broken. The marble and granite flat shaped stones or finely smoothed have Yiddish or Hebrew, or Hungarian inscriptions. Some have metal fences around graves. Cemetery now used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are agricultural. Diane Goldman, 4977 Battery Lane, Bethesda MD 20814 (e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ) visited the site on 8 August 1998. She completed the survey on 1 March 1999.

     
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