LIPAU: Satu Mare County, Transylvania Print

 

The cemetery is located at Lipau, 3944, com. Culciu, judet Satu Mare at 4743 2308, 267.5 miles NNW of Bucharest and 24 km from Satu Mare. Alternate name: Szamoslippo (Hungarian.) Present town population is under 1,000 with no Jews.

  • Mayor Balaj Nicolae, Town Hall of Culciu, judet Satu Mare
  • The Jewish Community of Satu Mare, Decebal Str. no. 4A, 3900 Satu Mare, Romania, tel. 0040-61-713703
  • The Federation of The Jewish Communities of Romania, Sf. Vineri Str. no. 9-11, sect. 3, Bucharest, Romania
  • "Dr. Moshe Carmilly" Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, Universitatii Str. no. 7-9, room 61, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Director: Ladislau Gyemant, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  • "A.D. Xenopol" Institute of History, Lascar Catargi Str., no. 15, 6400- Iasi (judet Iasi), Romania. Tel. 032/212614; e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it . Director: Alexandru Zub.
  • Key holder and caretaker: none
  • The 1880 Jewish population by census was 61, by 1900 census was 71, and in 1930 was 23. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the ghetto of Satu Mare and on May 19, 22, 26, 29, 30, 31, and June 1 were deported to Auschwitz. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was established in middle of 19th century Last known burial was 1939

    The isolated rural/agricultural flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate or with a non-locking gate. Approximate pre-WWII size is unknown. Approximate post-WWII size is 18 x 18 m. 1-20 stones are visible. 1-20 stones are not in original location. 50%-75% of the stones are toppled or broken. Stones removed from the cemetery are probably in the farms. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year.

    The oldest known gravestone dates from 1857. The 19th and 20th century marble, granite, limestone, and concrete flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, and carved relief-decorated common gravestones have Hebrew and Hungarian inscriptions. No known mass graves. The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are agricultural. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop.

    The cemetery was not vandalized in the last ten years or occasionally in the last ten years. [sic] Maintenance has been clearing vegetation Current care is occasional clearing or cleaning by individuals. No structures. Security is a moderate threat. Vegetation is a moderate threat structures.

    Claudia Ursutiu, Pietroasa Str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, tel. 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey in 2000 using the following documentation:

    • Recensamantul din 1880. Transilvania coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1997.
    • Recensamantul din 1900. Transilvania Traian Rotariu, Cluj, 1999
    • Recensamantul general al populatiei din 29 decembrie 1930 (The General Census of the Population from December 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
      Recensamintul general al populatiei din Romania din 7 ianuarie 1992 (The General Census of the Population of Romania from January 7, 1992), vol. I, Bucuresti, 1994
    • Zsido Lexicon, ed. by Ujvari Peter, Budapest, 1929
    • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. History of the Jews of Transylvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian
    • Izvoare si marturii referitoare la evreii din Romania (Sources and Testimonies on the Jews in Romania), vol. III/1-2, coord. L. Gyemant, L. Benjamin, Bucuresti, Ed. Hasefer, 1999
    • Gyemant, Ladislau. Evreii din Transilvania in epoca emanciparii, 1790-1867 (The Jews of Transylvania in the Age of Emancipation 1790-1867), Bucuresti, ed, Enciclopedica, 2000
    • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The Historical Dictionary of Localities in Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
    • Otto Mitelstrass, Historisch-Landeskundlicher Atlas von Siebenburgen, Ortsnamenbuch, Heidelberg, 1992
    • Microsoft Auto Route Express 1999

    Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed no one. [January 2003]