|LIPAU: Satu Mare County, Transylvania|
The cemetery is located at Lipau, 3944, com. Culciu, judet Satu Mare at 4743 2308, 267.5 miles NNW of Bucharest and 24 km from Satu Mare. Alternate name: Szamoslippo (Hungarian.) Present town population is under 1,000 with no Jews.
The 1880 Jewish population by census was 61, by 1900 census was 71, and in 1930 was 23. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the ghetto of Satu Mare and on May 19, 22, 26, 29, 30, 31, and June 1 were deported to Auschwitz. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was established in middle of 19th century Last known burial was 1939
The isolated rural/agricultural flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate or with a non-locking gate. Approximate pre-WWII size is unknown. Approximate post-WWII size is 18 x 18 m. 1-20 stones are visible. 1-20 stones are not in original location. 50%-75% of the stones are toppled or broken. Stones removed from the cemetery are probably in the farms. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year.
The oldest known gravestone dates from 1857. The 19th and 20th century marble, granite, limestone, and concrete flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, and carved relief-decorated common gravestones have Hebrew and Hungarian inscriptions. No known mass graves. The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are agricultural. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop.
The cemetery was not vandalized in the last ten years or occasionally in the last ten years. [sic] Maintenance has been clearing vegetation Current care is occasional clearing or cleaning by individuals. No structures. Security is a moderate threat. Vegetation is a moderate threat structures.
Claudia Ursutiu, Pietroasa Str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, tel. 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey in 2000 using the following documentation:
Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed no one. [January 2003]