|IASI: judet Iasi, Moldavia region|
Alternate names: Iaşi [Rom], Yas, יאס [Yid], Jassy [Ger, Pol], Jászvásár [Hun], Iassy [Rus], Iasy [Ukr], Yaş [Tur], Yassy, Yassi, Yashi, Jasi, Socola, Socol, Podgoria, Păcureţ, Păcurari, Munteni, Ilasi, Galata, Copou-Târg, Copou. Located at 47°10' N, 27°36' E ' in Iasi County, Moldavia region. Iasi is pronounced "YASSY" in English and "YASH" in Romanian. Second-largest city in Romania and capitol of Moldavia. 1900 Jewish population: 39,441. Yizkors:
JOWBR: Iasi Jewish Cemetery
NOTE: In the paragraph recently added from the Rom-SIG Digest on last Oct. by Joseph Nemrow, reference is made to the effect that there are some burial records in Aramaic. Recent transliteration by an expert in the field has revealed that burial records are NOT in Aramaic. They are in Hebrew, written in a terrible handwriting. [August 2013]
The cemetery houses approximately 80,000 graves and is quite impressive, although its records are apparently somewhat disorganized. The site dates back only about one hundred years. An earlier cemetery was destroyed, although a few of its gravestones were brought to the new cemetery. A large monument commemorates the 10,000 Iasi Jews murdered by the local Romanian police in 1941. After that pogrom on June 29, 1941, some 1,200 men and women, who died in the Nazi "Death Train" to deport Romanian Jews, were buried in a common mass grave at the Jewish cemetery in Podul Iloaie, near Iasi, and another 650 at Tirgu Frumos, 28 miles from Iasi. For this, there is a memorial in each cemetery. [Source: World Guide for the Jewish Traveler by Warren Freedman, NY: E.P. Dutton Inc, 1984. Extracted by Bernard Kouchel z"l; 1994.]
Burial register for the first half of the twentieth century, separate books for males and females, are available at the archives of the Iasi Jewish community in the Comuniate building. Some give name, Hebrew year of death, month day, section number in cemetery, row and grave number, and sometimes dates. Many inscriptions are in German. Source: Researching Jewish Romania On Site by Paul Pascal] The cemetery's 80,000 graves include some stones moved from older cemetery destroyed by the Nazis and a mass grave of those killed during massacre in 1941. Most graves are from the very late-nineteenth and twentieth century years. Cemetery caretaker is on premises; and Jewish community has map of cemetery. Source: Rick Bercuvitz
Iasi Jewish Cemetery in KehilaLink for Iasi. [Mar 2014]
NOTE: The oldest tomb inscription in the local cemetery probably dates to 1610.
US COMMISSION REPORT: IASI (I) (judet Iasi)
The cemetery is located at Iasi, Dealul Copou, judet Iasi, Romania, 4710 2736, 202.1 miles NNE of Bucharest and 160 km from Bacau. Alternate names: Jassy, Yash, Copou. Current town population is over 100,000 with 100-1,000 Jews.
The Jewish population by 1772 census was 171 Jewish families, from 1852 was 3675 Jews, by 1885 census was 33141 and in 1930 was 34662. Jewish community existed since the 16th century. The first synagogue was built in the 18th century. Here was the residence of the "Hahambasa," or head of the Jewish communities of Moldavia and Wallachia. The first modern Jewish school was founded here in 1853. Here developed an important Jewish press in Romanian and Yiddish and a Yiddish theater since the second half of the 19th century. In 1939, there were 140 synagogues in Iasi. The 1941 pogrom (29 June-3 July ) had thousands of victims. In 1941-1942, the Jews were deported to Transnistria. Noteworthy Jewish residents of the community were rabbis: Aroyo ? 1580-1619; Natan Hanover 1652-1670; Josef ben Menahem Landa 1837-1853; Aharon M. Taubes 1837-1852; Smuel Smelke Taubes 1852-1865; Iacov Taubes 1868-1890. The Jewish population by 1852 census was registered 3675, by 1885 census was 33141.
The cemetery was established in the 18th century with the last known burial aprox.1918. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery is from 8 km the congregation that used it. The isolated rural/agricultural hillside has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate.
Approximate pre- and post-WWII size is 800 x 600 m. More than 5,000 stones are visible. 500-5,000 stones are not in original location. 50%-75% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year.
No special sections. The oldest known gravestone dates from the 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble, granite, limestone, sandstone, and slate gravestones have inscriptions in Hebrew, Yiddish, German, Hungarian, and Romanian. Some have traces of painting on their surfaces, iron decorations or letting, bronze decorations or lettering, and other metallic elements. Some have portraits on stones. The local Jewish community owns the property used for an orchard. Adjacent properties are commercial or industrial and recreational and residential.
Occasionally, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors and local residents stop at the never vandalized cemetery had no maintenance. Current care is occasional clearing or cleaning by individuals. No structures. Incompatible nearby development is a moderate threat.
Lucian Nastasă visited the site on September 24, 2000 and interviewed Stela Cheptea, Str. Cuza Voda 51, Iasi 6600. [January 2003]
The cemetery is located at Str. Pacurari no. 21, Iasi, judet Iasi, Romania. See Iasi I for town information.
Caretaker and key holder: Cremer Carol, Str. Pacurari no. 21, Iasi, judet Iasi. Phone: 032/163098.
The cemetery was established in the 19th century. Last known burial was Sept.2, 2000 (Braunstein Virgil) in the unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery, 3 km from the congregation that used it.
The isolated urban hill cemetery has sign in Romanian and Hebrew, German, and Hungarian mentioning Jews. Reached by a public road, access is open with permission. A masonry wall and fence with a gate that locks surround the site.
Approximate pre- and post-WWII size is 1500 x 350 m. Approximately 50,000 stones are visible. 20-100 stones are not in original location. More than 75% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year.
No special sections. The oldest known gravestone dates from 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble, granite, limestone, sandstone, slate, iron, and other (probably concrete) memorial markers are have inscriptions in Hebrew, Yiddish, German, Hungarian, and Romanian. Some have traces of painting on their surfaces, iron decorations or letting, bronze decorations or lettering, and other metallic elements and portraits on stones, sculpted monuments, and multi-stone monuments. The cemetery has Holocaust memorial, and memorials to pogrom victims and Jewish soldiers. The cemetery contains marked mass graves.
The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are in village residential setting with houses, gardens, orchards, and pastures. Frequently, organized Jewish group or pilgrimage tours organized individual tours, Jewish and non-Jewish private visitors, and local residents visit.
The never vandalized cemetery maintenance has been re-erection of stones, patching broken stones, and clearing vegetation paid for every year by Jewish individuals abroad and in the country. Current care is regular caretaker paid by the Jewish community of Iasi. Within the limits of the cemetery is a preburial house and other structures. The preburial house has a tahara, catafalque, and an ohel. Pollution is a moderate threat.
Documente statistice privitoare la orasul Iasi, ed. I.Caprosu and M.-R. Ungureanu, vol.I (1755-1820), vol. II (1824-1828), Iasi, Edit.Universitătii "Al.I.Cuza", 1997.
N.A.Alesandrini, Studiu statistic asupra miscarii populatiunii din judetul Iasi pe deceniul 1870-1879, Iasi, Tip. ? D.Gheorghiu ?, 1881.
E. Schwarzfeld, Din istoria evreilor: împopularea, reîmpopularea si întemeierea tîrgurilor si tîrgusoarelor în Moldova, Bucuresti, 1894.
Recensamintul general al populatiei Romaniei. 1930, vol.II, Bucuresti, "Monitorul Oficial", 1938
N.Sutu, Notiti statistice asupra Moldaviei, Iasi, 1852.
George I.Lahovari, Marele dictionar geografic al României, 5 vol., Bucuresti, Edit.Socec, 1899.
I.M.Dinescu, Fiii neamului de la 1859 la 1915. Statistica sociala pe întelesul tuturora, Iasi, Institutul de Arte Grafice N.V.Stefaniu, 1920.
M.A.Halevy, Comunitatile evreilor din Iasi si Bucuresti, I. Pîna la 1821, Bucuresti, 1931.
I.Kara, S.Cheptea, Inscriptii ebraice, in vol. Inscriptii medievale si din epoca moderna a României. Orasul Iasi, facicola I, Iasi, 1994.
Leonida Colescu, Analiza rezultatelor recensamîntului general al populatiei României de la 1899, cu o prefata de Sabin Manuila, Bucuresti, Institutul de statistica, 1944.
I.Kara, Rabini si invatati din Iasul de alta data, in "Revista cultului mozaic", nr.244/1971.
Aurel Karetki, Maria Covaci, Zile însîngerate la Iasi, Bucuresti, Edit.Politică, 1978.
Marius Mircu, Pogromul de la Iasi, Bucuresti, Edit.Glob,
Pinkas Hakehillot, Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities Romania, I-II, Ierusalem, 1980.
D. Ivanescu, Populatia evreiasca din orasele si tîrgurile Moldovei între 1774-1832, în "Studia et acta historiae iudaeorum romaniae", II, Bucuresti, Edit.Hasefer, 1997, p. 59-65
I. Kara, Contributii la istoria obstii evreilor din Iasi, Bucuresti, 1997
Jean Ancel, "The Jassy Syndrome", in Romanian Jewish Studies, vol.1, no. 1, Jerusalem, 1987.
Lucian Nastasă visited the site on September 25, 2000 and interviewed Cremer Carol, Str. Pacurari no. 21, Iasi, judet Iasi. Phone: 032/163098. [January 2003]
FindAGrave: "The Iasi Jewish Cemetery is located on Sos. Pacurari (Aleea Cim. Evreiese) and has a large arch above the entrance. The road winds past the arch about a mile to the actual cemetery. The original cemetery records are kept at the Iasi Jewish Community but the very oldest ones are written in Aramaic. The Hebrew characters on the flat markers are practically impossible to read due to erosion. The standing headstones are in fairly good condition. The whole cemetery is very overgrown with weeds and shrubs. In the newer sections most of the headstones have both Hebrew and Romanian on them. In the older sections the headstones are almost exclusively in Hebrew. The cemetery houses approximately 80,000 graves and is quite impressive, although its records are disorganized. The site dates back only about one hundred years. An earlier cemetery was destroyed, although a few of its gravestones were brought to the new cemetery. A large monument commemorates the 10,000 Iasi Jews murdered by the local Romanian police in 1941."
[UPDATE] Video: Brief Narrated Walking tour of old cemetery in Iasi [November 2014]
[UPDATE] Map showing Cemetery locations [November 2015]
Photos by Steve Herberman/Facebook [December 2015]
[UPDATE] Youtube film with music of Edgar Hauster's 2012 photos [December 2015]
Photos by Charles Burns [March 2016]
|Last Updated on Friday, 04 March 2016 23:26|