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GHIOROC: Arad County, Transylvania PDF Print E-mail

 

International Jewish Cemetery Project - Romania F-J The cemetery lost in aggressive vegetation is located in Ghioroc at the place called "La Dimb", 2899, judet Arad, 4609 2135, 249.3 miles WNW of Bucharest and 30 km from Arad. Around the abandoned cemetery are deserted houses. Alternate name: Gyorok (Hungarian), GHIORAC. Present town population is under 1,000 with no Jews.

  • Mayor Luca Mircea, Cuvin, no. 33, judet Arad
  • The Jewish Community of Arad, 10, Tribunul Dobra Str., 2900 Arad, Romania. Tel. +40-57-281310
  • The Federation of the Jewish Communities of Romania, Sf. Vineri Str., no. 9-11, sect. 3, Bucharest, Romania
  • " Dr. Moshe Carmilly", Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, Universităţii Str., no. 7-9, room 61, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, Romania, director Ladislau Gyemant, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  • Key holder: Petrovici Ana, Ghioroc, no. 114, judet Arad, Romania;

The 1880 Jewish population by census was 32 and by 1910 census was 66. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was established in 19th century with last known burial around 1946. The isolated rural/agricultural flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open to all via a partial wall and a gate that locks.

Approximate pre-and post-WWII size is 46 m x 18 m. 20-100 stones are visible. All gravestones are in original location. Less than 25% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a constant problem damaging stones. Water drainage is a constant problem.

No special sections. The oldest known gravestone dates from 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble, granite, and "other" flat shaped and smoothed and inscribed and double tombstones have inscriptions in Hebrew and Hungarian. Some have metal fences around graves.
No known mass graves.

The national Jewish community owns the property used for an orchard. Adjacent properties are commercial or industrial and other cemeteries. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The cemetery was not vandalized in the last ten years. No maintenance. No care now. Security is a serious threat. (part of the wall missing). Vegetation is a very serious threat and must be cut - damages stones) Vandalism is a moderate threat. The fences were stolen.

Elisabeta Pecican, Revolution Avenue, no. 35, apt. 31, Arad, 2900 completed the survey on September 11, 2000 using the following documentation:

  • Coriolan Suciu, Dicţionar istoric al localităţilor din Transilvania, I-II, Bucharest, 1968
  • Marki Sandor, Arad varmegye es Arad szabad kiralyi varos tortenete, Arad, 1895
  • The Jewish population by 1880 census, Bucharest, Edit. Staff, 1999.
  • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. History of the Jews of Transylvania (1623-1944), Bucharest, 1994 (in Romanian)

Elisabeta Pecican visited the site on September 9, 2000 and interviewed Petrovici Ana, Ghioroc. [January 2003]

 

 
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