FAGARAS: Brasov County Print

 

International Jewish Cemetery Project - Romania F-J The cemetery is located in Fagaras, near the Greek Orthodox cemetery, cod 2300, judet Brasov, Transylvania, Romania. The alternate names are Fogaras (Hungarian), FOGARASCH, and FAGARASO. 4551 2458, 112.3 miles NNW of Bucharest and 55 km from Brasov. Present town population is 5,000-25,000 with no Jews.

  • Mayor Barbuti Ioan, Fagaras
  • The Jewish Community of Brasov, cod 2200, Brasov, Romania, Tel. 0040-68-143532.
  • The Federation of The Jewish Communities of Romania, Sf. Vineri Str. no. 9-11, sect. 3, Bucharest, Romania
  • "Dr. Moshe Carmilly" Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, Universitatii Str. no. 7-9, room 61, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Director: Ladislau Gyemant, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  • Caretaker and key holder: none

The Jewish population by census was 113 in 1838, 183 in 1850, 180 in1857, 276 in 1869-1870, 276, 514 in 1910 registered, and 388 in 1930. The Jewish community was founded in 1820. The first synagogue was built in 18ioslated school was founded in 1840. In 1836, the synagogue was destroyed by the local townspeople, but it was rebuilt in 1858. The first rabbis of the community were Lobl Silberman until 1864 and Josef Cohne beginning with 1864. The unlandmarked Orthodox?19th and 20th century cemetery on isolated suburban flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open to all. A fence with a non-locking gate surrounds the site.

Approximate pre- and post- WWII size is 100 m x 50 m. 100-500 stones are visible. 100-500 are in original location. 20-100 stones are not in original location. 25%-50% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is not a problem. Water drainage is good all year. No special sections.

The oldest known gravestone dates from 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble, granite, sandstone, and limestone memorial markers are flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, carved relief-decorated, and double tombstones. Some have traces of painting on their surfaces and metal fences around graves. Inscriptions are in Hebrew and Romanian. No known mass graves. The national Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent property is Greek-Orthodox cemetery. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The never vandalized cemetery has no care or maintenance. No structures. Weather erosion is a moderate threat.

Oprea Ioana, B-dul 21 Decembrie, no. 13-15, ap. 6, Cluj Napoca, tel: 190
849 and Popa Cosmina, Tatra Str., no. 4, ap. 11, Cluj Napoca, tel: 128 764 visited the site and completed the survey on December 15, 2000 using the following documentation:

  • The General Census of the Population of Transylvania 1850, Bucharest, Ed. Staff, 1996
  • The General Census of the Population of Transylvania 1857, Bucharest, Ed. Staff, 1997
  • The General Census of the Population of Transylvania 1880, Bucharest, Ed. Staff, 1999
  • The General Census of the Population of Transylvania 1910, Bucharest, Ed. Staff, 2000
  • Ernest Wager, Historisch - Statistisches - Ortsnamenbuch fur Siebenburgen, Koln-Wien, Ed. Bohlau, 1977
  • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. Istoria evreilor din Transilvania (1623-1944), Bucharest, 1994
  • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitãþilor din Transilvania, I-II, Bucharest, 1968.
  • Recensamintul general al populatiei din Transilvania - 1930 decembrie 29, I-III, Bucharest, 1938
  • Ladislau Gyemant, The Jews of Transylvania in the Age of Emancipation (1790-1867), Bucharest, Edit. Enciclopedica, 2000

No interviews. [January 2003]