DIOSIG: Bihor County, Transylvania Print

 

International Jewish Cemetery Project - Romania D-F The cemetery is located in Diosig, 3747, judet Bihor, Romania at 4718 2200, 279.3 miles NW of Bucharest and 30 km from Oradea. Alternate name: Bihardioszeg (Hungarian.) Present town population is 5,000-25,000 with no Jews.

  • Mayor Varga Sandor, Town Hall of Diosig, judet Bihor
  • The Jewish Community of Oradea, Mihai Viteazu Str. no. 4, 3700 Oradea, Romania, tel. 0040-59-134843 (132587)
  • The Federation of The Jewish Communities of Romania, Sf. Vineri Str. no. 9-11, sect. 3, Bucharest, Romania
  • Interested: "Dr. Moshe Carmilly" Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, Universitatii Str. no. 7-9, room 61, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Director: Ladislau Gyemant, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  • Caretaker with key: None

The 1880 Jewish population by census was 224, by 1900 census was 301, and in 1930 was 196. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the Oradea ghetto and on May 23, 25, 28-30, and June 1-5, 27 were deported to Auschwitz. The cemetery was established in first half of 19th century. Noteworthy individuals buried in the unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery: two Cohanim. Last known burial was 1941.

The rural/agricultural hillside, separate but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker.
Reached by a public road, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate. Approximate pre- and post-WWII size is 200 x 400 m. 20-100 stones are visible, some not in original location. 25%-50% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a constant problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year.

No special sections. The oldest known gravestone dates from middle of 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble, limestone, sandstone, concrete and local stone flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, and carved relief-decorated, and double tombstones have Hebrew and Hungarian inscriptions. The local Jewish community owns the property used for
Jewish cemetery and orchard. Adjacent properties are agricultural and local cemetery. Rarely,
private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop at the never vandalized cemetery maintenance has been patching broken stones and cleaning stones by local non-Jewish residents. No care now. No structures. Security is a very severe threat: Vegetation is a serious threat.

Ursutiu Claudia, Pietroasa Str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, tel: 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey on 3 July 2000 using the following documentation:

  • Recensamantul din 1880. Transilvania coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1997.
  • Recensamantul din 1900. Transilvania Traian Rotariu, Cluj, 1999
  • Recensamintul general al popula]iei din 29 decembrie 1930, (The General Census of the population from December 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
  • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. History of the Jews of Transylvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian
  • Recensamantul general al populatiei Romaniei din 29 decembrie 1930, vol.
    II (The General Census of the Population of Romania from 29 December 1930,
    vol. II), Bucuresti, 1938
  • Recensamintul general al populatiei din Romania din 7 ianuarie 1992 (The General Census of the Population of Romania from January 7, 1992), vol. I, Bucuresti, 1994
  • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The Historical Dictionary of Localities in Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
  • Otto Mitelstrass, Historisch-Landeskundlicher Atlas von Siebenburgen, Ortsnamenbuch, Heidelberg, 1992
  • Microsoft Auto Route Express 1999

No interviews. [January 2003]