CIACOVA: Timis County Print

 

International Jewish Cemetery Project - Romania C 4530 2107, 254.3 miles WNW of Bucharest and 32 km from Timisoara. Alternate names: Csakova, Csak (Hungarian), Tschakowa (German.) The cemetery is located at Targului Str. no. 8, Ciacova, 1931, judet Timis, Romania. Present town population is 5,000-25,000 with no Jews.

  • Mayor Stefan Viorel, Town Hall of Ciacova, 1931, judet Timis
  • The Jewish Community of Timisoara, Gheorghe Lazar Str. no. 5, Romania, tel., Timisoara, 1900, Romania
  • The Federation of The Jewish Communities of Romania, Sf. Vineri Str. no. 9-11, sect. 3, Bucharest, Romania
  • "Dr. Moshe Carmilly" Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, Universitatii Str. no. 7-9, room 61, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Director: Ladislau Gyemant, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  • Key holder and caretaker: Mangol Iosif, Targului Str., no. 8, Ciacova

The Jewish population by census was 123 in 1880, 123 in 1900, seventeen in 1910, and 63 in 1930. The unlandmarked Orthodox and Neolog cemetery was established in first half of the 19th century. Last known burial was 1985.

The rural/agricultural flat land, separate but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker. Reached via private property, access is open with permission. A fence with a gate that locks surrounds the site. Approximate pre-WWII size is unknown. Approximate post-WWII size is 70 x 70 m. 20-100 stones are visible with 20-100 in original location and 1-20 stones not in original location. Less than 25% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is not a problem. Water drainage is good all year.

No special sections. The oldest known gravestone dates from 1830. The 19th and 20th century marble, granite, iron, and concrete flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, carved relief-decorated, and double tombstones common gravestones have inscriptions in Hebrew, German, and Hungarian. No known mass graves. The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery and orchard. Adjacent properties are residential. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop.

The never vandalized cemetery Maintenance has been re-erection of stones, cleaning stones, and clearing vegetation. Current care is regular caretaker paid by the Jewish community of Timisoara. Within the limits of the cemetery is an empty preburial house. No threats.

Claudia Ursutiu, Pietroasa Str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, tel. 0040-64-151073 visited and completed survey in September 2000 using the following documentation:

  • Recensamantul din 1880. Transilvania coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1997.
  • Recensamantul din 1900. Transilvania Traian Rotariu, Cluj, 1999
  • Recensamantul general al populatiei din 29 decembrie 1930 (The General Census of the Population from December 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
  • Recensamintul general al populatiei din Romania din 7 ianuarie 1992 (The General Census of the Population of Romania from January 7, 1992), vol. I, Bucuresti, 1994
  • Zsido Lexicon, ed. by Ujvari Peter, Budapest, 1929
  • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. History of the Jews of Transylvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian
  • Izvoare si marturii referitoare la evreii din Romania (Sources and Testimonies on the Jews in Romania), vol. III/1-2, coord. L. Gyemant, L. Benjamin, Bucuresti, Ed. Hasefer, 1999
  • Victor Neumann, Istoria evreilor din Banat (A history of the Jews from Banat), Bucuresti, Atlas, 1999
  • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The Historical Dictionary of Localities in Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
  • Microsoft Auto Route Express 1999

Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed Mangol Iosif. [January 2003]