International Jewish Cemetery Project - Romania C
4608 2035, 292.5 miles WNW of Bucharest and 9 km from Sannicolaul Mare . Alternate names: Nagycsanad (Hungarian), Tschanad (German) Town's current population is 500-1000 with no Jews.
- Local authority: mayor Mocodan Alexandru, Unguras, nr. 235
- Local religious authority: The Jewish Community of Timisoara, Gheorghe Lazar str., no. 5, Romania, tel. , Timisoara, 1900, Romania
- National religious authority: Federation of Jewish Communities Romania, Str. Sf. Vineri 9-11, Bucureşti, Tel: (40-1) 613-2538, 143-0010-100. Contact: Mr. Alex Silvan
- Caretaker with key: Florea Petru, Cenad, no. 1010, jud. Timis
The Jewish population by census was nineteen in 1880, thirty in 1900, and seven in 1930. The unlandmarked Orthodox and Neolog cemetery dates from the second half of the 19th century with the last burial in probably inter-war period. The rural/agricultural flat land, next to a municipal cemetery (Catholic,) has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open to all via a fence with locking gate.
Cemetery's size before WWII is unknown. Current size is 20 x 9 m. 20-100 gravestones are in cemetery with 1-20 in original and 20-100 not in original location. 50%-75% of the stones are toppled or broken. No stones were removed from the cemetery (probably.)
Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year. No sections. The cemetery dates from the second half of the 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble, granite, sandstone and "other"(concrete) tombstones are flat shaped common gravestones. Inscriptions are in Hebrew, German, and Hungarian. No known mass graves. The Timisoara Jewish community owns the site used for Jewish cemetery purposes only. Adjacent properties are agricultural. The pre-1939 size is unknown. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors visit the never-vandalized cemetery. Clearing of vegetation is the care given by a regular caretaker paid by the Jewish congregation of Timisoara. No structures. Vegetation is a moderate threat.
Claudia Ursutiu, Pietroasa str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, tel. 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey on 23 September 2000 using the following documentation:
Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed Florea Petru in Cenad.
- Recensamantul din 1880. Transilvania (The Census from 1880. Transylvania) coord. : Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1997.
- Recensamantul din 1900. Transilvania (The Census from 1900. Transylvania) coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj, 1999
- Recensamantul general al populatiei din 29 decembrie 1930 (The General Census of the Population from December 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
Recensamintul general al populatiei din Romania din 7 ianuarie 1992 (The General Census of the Population of Romania from January 7, 1992), vol. I, Bucuresti, 1994
- Zsido Lexicon, ed. by Ujvari Peter, Budapest, 1929
- Moshe Carmilly-Weinberger, History of the Jews of Transilvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian
- Izvoare si marturii referitoare la evreii din Romania (Sources and Testimonies on the Jews in Romania), vol. III/1-2, coord. L. Gyemant, L. Benjamin, Bucuresti, Ed. Hasefer, 1999
- Victor Neumann, Istoria evreilor din Banat (A history of the Jews from Banat), Bucuresti, Atlas, 1999
- Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The historical dictionary of localities from Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
- Microsoft AutoRoute Express 1999