CAREI I: Satu Mare County, Transylvania Print

The cemetery is located in Carei, Oborului Str. no. 31, 3825, judet Satu Mare, 4741 2228, 283.9 miles NW of Bucharest and 38 km from Satu Mare. Alternate name: Nagykaroly (Hungarian); Karol (German). Present town population is 25,000-100,000 with fewer than 10 Jews.

  • Mayor David Kaiser, Town Hall of Carei, 1 Decembrie 1918 Str. no. 27, tel. 0040-61-861660
  • The Jewish Community of Satu Mare, Decebal Str. no. 4A, 3900 Satu Mare, Romania, tel. 0040-61-713703
  • The Federation of the Jewish Communities of Romania, Sf. Vineri Str., no 9-11, Sector 3, Bucharest, Romania.
  • "Dr. Moshe Carmilly" Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, Universitatii Str., no. 7-9, room 61, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, director: Ladislau Gyemant, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  • Key holder: Szentmiklosy Istvan, Oborului Str. no. 31, Carei
  • Caretaker: Friederich Roth, Crasna Str. no. 18, Carei

The 1767-1769 Jewish population was 330, in 1785 was 453, in 1880 was 2112, in 1900 was 2139, and in 1930 was 2329. After the war of independence against the Austrian rule lead by Rakoczy Ferencz, count Karolyi Sandor brought an estate in 1722. He gave ten Jewish families the right to have their own rabbi, teacher, and synagogue. The number of the Jewish colonists increased in 1741 to 66 families. After the Congress of the Jews from Hungary and Transylvania from 1868-1869, the community of Carei became one of the most important status-quo ante communities. In 1881, an Orthodox community was founded, from which after 1925 a Hasidic Community separated. An elementary Jewish public school was founded at the end of the 18th century. Between 1934-1944, two famous Yeshivot existed in Carei. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the ghetto of Carei, then in that of Satu Mare and on May 19, 22, 26, 29, 30, 31, and June 1 were deported to Auschwitz. Noteworthy Jewish residents of the community were Rabbis: Aron Lebl 1722; Adam Samuel 1726; Mayer Yehuda Osterreicher 1751-1774; Moshe Arye Osterreicher 1774-1820; Yiczhak Frankl 1820-1834; Meir Perls 1834-1894; Furth Efraim 1895-1911; Eliezer Schonfeld 1911-1922; Friedmann Bernat 1923-1944; Schwartz Jakob Moshe 1881-1908; Brach Saul 1910-1925; Yoel Teitelbaum 1925-1934; Abraham Horovitz 1934-1944; Grosz Samuel 1934-1944.

The unlandmarked Orthodox, Hasidic cemetery was established in middle of the 18th century. Noteworthy individuals buried in the cemetery: one Hasidic rabbi Iaacov Moshe and his wife Kresel (d. 1905) and two Cohanim: Mordehai Israel ben Shlomo (d. 1941) and Itzak ben Iechiel Baak Hacohen (1940). Last known burial was 1997. The urban flat land, separate but near other cemeteries, has inscriptions on the preburial house.
Reached by a public road, access is open with permission. A masonry wall with a gate that locks surrounds the site. Approximate pre- and post-WWII size is 1.5 hectares. 500-5000 stones are visible. 20-100 stones are not in original location. Less than 25% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is not a problem. Water drainage is good all year.

The cemetery has special sections for Cohanim and women who died in childbirth. The oldest known gravestone dates from middle of 18th century. The 18th, 19th, and 20th century marble, granite, limestone, sandstone, and concrete flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, and carved relief-decorated, and double tombstones have Hebrew, Hungarian, and Romanian inscriptions. Some tombstones have metallic elements and metal fences around graves. The cemetery has Holocaust memorial. No known mass graves. The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are residential. Occasionally, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The never vandalized cemetery maintenance has been re-erection of stones, patching broken stones, cleaning stones, and clearing vegetation by local non-Jewish residents and Jewish residents of the country in 1997. Current care is regular unpaid caretaker. Within the limits of the cemetery is a small chapel for Rabbi Moshe.

. Claudia Ursutiu, Pietroasa Str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, tel. 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey July 2000 using the following documentation:

  • Recensamantul din 1880. Transilvania coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1997.
  • Recensamantul din 1900. Transilvania Traian Rotariu, Cluj, 1999
  • Recensamantul general al populatiei din 29 decembrie 1930 (The General Census of the Population from December 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
  • Recensamintul general al populatiei din Romania din 7 ianuarie 1992 (The General Census of the Population of Romania from January 7, 1992), vol. I, Bucuresti, 1994
  • Zsido Lexicon, ed. by Ujvari Peter, Budapest, 1929
  • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. History of the Jews of Transylvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian
  • Izvoare si marturii referitoare la evreii din Romania (Sources and Testimonies on the Jews in Romania), vol. III/1-2, coord. L. Gyemant, L. Benjamin, Bucuresti, Ed. Hasefer, 1999
  • Ladislau Gyemant, Evreii din Transilvania in epoca emanciparii, 1790-1867 (The Jews of Transylvania in the Age of Emancipation 1790-1867), Bucuresti, ed, Enciclopedica, 2000
  • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The Historical Dictionary of Localities in Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
  • Otto Mitelstrass, Historisch-Landeskundlicher Atlas von Siebenburgen, Ortsnamenbuch, Heidelberg, 1992
  • Microsoft Auto Route Express 1999

Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed Szentmiklosy Istvan, Carei [January 2003]

 

CAREI II:

The cemetery is located at Carei, Soimului Str., 3825, judet Satu Mare.

Key holder and caretaker: Szentmiklosy Istvan, Oborului Str. no. 31, Carei

Interested: Friederich Roth, Crasna Str. no. 18, Carei

The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was established in middle of the 18th century. Noteworthy individuals buried in the cemetery: seven Cohanim. Last known burial was 1944.

The urban flat land, separate but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open with permission. A masonry wall with a gate that locks surrounds the site. Approximate pre- and post-WWII size is 2 hectares. 500-5000 stones are visible. 20-100 stones are not in original location. Less than 25% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is not a problem. Water drainage is good all year.

The cemetery has special sections for men, rabbis, and Cohanim. The oldest known gravestone dates from approximately 1800. The 19th and 20th century marble, granite, limestone, sandstone, and concrete flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, and carved relief-decorated, and double tombstones and multi-stone monuments have iron decoration or lettering and metal fences around graves. Inscriptions are in Hebrew, German, and Hungarian. No known mass graves.

The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are residential. Occasionally, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The never vandalized cemetery maintenance has been re-erection of stones, patching broken stones, cleaning stones, and clearing vegetation by local non-Jewish residents and Jewish residents of the country in 1997. Current care is regular unpaid caretaker. Within the limits of the cemetery is a preburial house with wall inscriptions and chimney.

. Claudia Ursutiu, Pietroasa Str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, tel. 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey July 2000 using the following documentation:

  • Recensamantul din 1880. Transilvania coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1997.
  • Recensamantul din 1900. Transilvania Traian Rotariu, Cluj, 1999
  • Recensamantul general al populatiei din 29 decembrie 1930 (The General Census of the Population from December 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
  • Recensamintul general al populatiei din Romania din 7 ianuarie 1992 (The General Census of the Population of Romania from January 7, 1992), vol. I, Bucuresti, 1994
  • Zsido Lexicon, ed. by Ujvari Peter, Budapest, 1929
  • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. History of the Jews of Transylvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian
  • Izvoare si marturii referitoare la evreii din Romania (Sources and Testimonies on the Jews in Romania), vol. III/1-2, coord. L. Gyemant, L. Benjamin, Bucuresti, Ed. Hasefer, 1999
  • Ladislau Gyemant, Evreii din Transilvania in epoca emanciparii, 1790-1867 (The Jews of Transylvania in the Age of Emancipation 1790-1867), Bucuresti, ed, Enciclopedica, 2000
  • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The Historical Dictionary of Localities in Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
  • Otto Mitelstrass, Historisch-Landeskundlicher Atlas von Siebenburgen, Ortsnamenbuch, Heidelberg, 1992
  • Microsoft Auto Route Express 1999

Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed Szentmiklosy Istvan, Carei [January 2003]

 

"In the two cemeteries in Carei, one Neolog and one Orthodox, researchers documented highly ornate tombstones. One, dated 1831, was one of the oldest tombstones found in Transylvania and reminiscent of tombstones found in Galicia. There were over one hundred tombstones from the end of the nineteenth century, some very decorative with various animal and flower motifs." Source: http://www.hum.huji.ac.il/CJA/NL14-Romania.htm [November 2000]