|CALINESTI OAS: Satu Mare County, Transylvania|
Alternate names: Călineşti-Oaş [Rom], Kányaháza [Hun], Călineşti. 47°54' N, 23°18' E , 21 miles ENE of Satu Mare (Szatmár)tion, 20 miles S of Khust (Huszt).Jewish population: 108 (in 1880), 187 (in 1930).
The cemetery is located in Calinesti Oas, 3924, judet Satu Mare, Romania at 4754 2318, 274.2 miles NNW of Bucharest and 16 km from Negresti Oas. The alternate name is Kanyahaza (Hungarian.) Present town population is 1,000-5,000 with no Jews.
The 1880 Jewish population by census was 108, by 1900 census was 186, and in 1930 was 187. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the ghetto of Satu Mare and on May 19, 22, 26, 29, 30, 31, and June 1 were deported to Auschwitz. The unlandmarked Orthodox, Hasidic cemetery was established in second half of the 19th century. Last known burial was inter-war period.
The isolated hill and hillside has no sign or marker. Reached via private property, access is open to all. A fence with a non-locking gate surrounds the site. Approximate pre-WWII size is unknown. Approximate post-WWII size is 60 x 50 m. 1-20 stones are visible, not all in original location. 50%-75% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year.
No special sections. The oldest known gravestone dates from second half of the 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble, granite, limestone, and concrete flat shaped and smoothed and inscribed common gravestones have Hebrew and Hungarian inscriptions. No known mass graves. The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are agricultural. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop at the never vandalized cemetery. No maintenance. No care now. No structures. Security is a moderate threat. Weather erosion is a moderate threat. Vegetation is a serious threat. The gravestones are almost covered by vegetation.
Claudia Ursutiu, Pietroasa Str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, tel. 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey in July 2000 using the following documentation:
Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed Tarz Ana, Calinesti Oas. [January 2003]
[UPDATE] On 5 June 2015, I visited the Jewish cemetery at Calinesti-Oas, Romania, 47-54x23-18, (former Kanyahaza, Hungary). The village itself is no longer in its original location, which was inundated by the lake that was formed when the government constructed a dam on the Tur River. During my visit, I was accompanied by Mr. Paul Decsei, serving as my driver and interpreter (substituting for his father Mr. Nicolae Decsei, the guide for my trip), and Mr. Ioan Bojani, the Hebrew cemetery administrator for Satu Mare County. There is no sign on the road and the cemetery is not visible from the road. It is located adjacent to a house under construction and a "young" orchard to the rear of the house. The cemetery is surrounded by a wire mesh fence attached to posts, making entry difficult. To find the entrance, which is a gap in the fence, requires walking up hill around the construction site and down hill on ground plowed into large soil chunks, through tall grass and undergrowth. The cemetery site is covered with thick undergrowth of shrubs made impenetrable by sharp thorns. Visibility is no more than four or five meters. No gravestones were visible from the entry point. Allen Hausman
|Last Updated on Friday, 03 July 2015 21:48|