International Jewish Cemetery Project - Romania Bo-Bu
BUCIUMI (jud. Salaj)
4728 2329, 244.2 miles NNW of Bucharest and 27.4 miles NE of Zalau at 4712 2303. Alternate Hungarian names are Varmezo and Bucsum. The cemetery is located near the village, code 4717. Town's current population is 500-1000 with no Jews.
Cosmina Popa, Tatra str., no. 4, tel. 064/ 128764, Cluj -Napoca, 3400 and Ioana Oprea, Bd. 21 Decembrie, 13-15, 064/190849, Cluj-Napoca, 3400 completed the survey and visited the site on September 28, 2000.
- Local authority: mayor Banut Gavril, Buciumi, tel. 658 711.
- Local religious authority: The Jewish Community of Oradea, Mihai Viteazu str., No. 4, 3700 Oradea, Romania, tel. 0040-59-134843 (132587)
- Interested: Dr. Moshe Carmilly" Institute for Hebrew and Jewish Hitory, Universitatii str., no.7-9, Room 61, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, director: Ladislau Gyemant
- National religious authority: Federation of Jewish Communities Romania, Str. Sf. Vineri 9-11, Bucureşti, Tel: (40-1) 613-2538, 143-0010-100. Contact: Mr. Alex Silvan
- Caretaker: none
- The Jewish population by census was fifteen in 1850, 25 in 1857, 126 in 1880, 167 in 1900, 173 in 1910, and 91 in 1930. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the Cehei ghetto, then in Simleul Silvaniei and were deported to Auschwitz on May 31, June 6, 8. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery dates from 19th century with the last known Jewish burial in the 20th century.
- The isolated rural/agricultural flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open to all via a fence and non-locking gate. The pre- and post-WWII size is 30 m x 30 m. 1-20 stones are visible with 1-20 stones in original location and 1-20 stones not in original location. Less than 25% are toppled or broken. Vegetation overgrowth is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year. No sections. The oldest known gravestone dates from 19th century. The 19th and 20th century limestone and sandstone flat shaped and smoothed and inscribed common gravestones have Hebrew inscriptions. No known mass graves.
- The national Jewish community owns the property used only as a Jewish cemetery.
- Adjacent properties are agricultural. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. Care is occasional clearing of vegetation individuals or groups of non-Jewish origin or by individuals. No structures. Vegetation is a moderate threat.
- Recensamantul din 1850. Transilvania (The Census from 1850. Transylvania) coord. : Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1996.
- Recensamantul din 1857. Transilvania (The Census from 1857. Transylvania) coord. : Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1997.
- Recensamantul din 1880. Transilvania (The Census from 1880. Transylvania) coord. : Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1997.
- Recensamantul din 1900. Transilvania (The Census from 1900. Transylvania) coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj, 1999
- Recensamantul din 1910. Transilvania (The Census from 1910. Transylvania) coord. : Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1999.
- Moshe Carmilly-Weinberger, History of the Jews of Transilvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian, Budapest, 1995, in Hungarian
- Recensamantul general al populatiei din 29 decembrie 1930 (The General Census of the Population from December 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
- Szilagy megye ? Salaj zsidosaganak emlekkonyve, ed. Giladi David, Tel Aviv, 1989.
- Recensamintul general al populatiei din Romania din 7 ianuarie 1992 (The General Census of the Population of Romania from January 7, 1992), vol. I, Bucuresti, 1994
- Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The historical dictionary of localities from Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
- Ernst Wagner, Historisch Statistisches Ortsnamenbuch fur Siebenburgen, Ed. Bohlau, 1977