International Jewish Cemetery Project - Romania Bo-Bu
BOZOVICI: Caras Severin County
The cemetery is located at Bozovici, 1637, judet Caras Severin, Romania, 4456 2200, 204.2 miles W of Bucharest and 54 km from Oravita. Alternate names: Bozovics (Hungarian), BOZOVIC. Present town population is 5,000-25,000 with no Jews.
- Mayor Miclea Ioan, Town Hall of Bozovici, 1637, Romania
- The Jewish Community of Resita, Mihai Viteazu Str. no. 8, Romania, tel. 0040-55-211048
- The Federation of The Jewish Communities of Romania, Sf. Vineri Str. no. 9-11, sect. 3, Bucharest, Romania
- "Dr. Moshe Carmilly" Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, Universitatii Str. no. 7-9, room 61, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Director: Ladislau Gyemant,
- Key holder: none
The 1880 Jewish population by census was 18; by 1900 census was 22 and in 1930 was 26. The unlandmarked Orthodox and Neolog The cemetery was established at end of the 19th century. Last known burial was interwar period.
The isolated hill and flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate. Approximate pre- and post-WWII size is 10 x 8 m. 1-20 stones are visible, all in original location. More than 75% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year.
The oldest known gravestone dates from end of the 19th century. The 19th and 20th century limestone flat shaped common gravestones have Hebrew inscriptions. No known mass graves. The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are agricultural. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The never vandalized cemetery has no maintenance and no care now. No structures. Security, vegetation, and weather erosion are moderate threats.
Claudia Ursutiu, Pietroasa Str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, tel. 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey in 4 July 2000 using the following documentation:
- Recensamantul din 1880. Transilvania coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1997.
- Recensamantul din 1900. Transilvania Traian Rotariu, Cluj, 1999
- Recensamantul general al populatiei din 29 decembrie 1930 (The General Census of the Population from December 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
- Recensamintul general al populatiei din Romania din 7 ianuarie 1992 (The General Census of the Population of Romania from January 7, 1992), vol. I, Bucuresti, 1994
- Zsido Lexicon, ed. by Ujvari Peter, Budapest, 1929
- Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. History of the Jews of Transylvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian
- Izvoare si marturii referitoare la evreii din Romania (Sources and Testimonies on the Jews in Romania), vol. III/1-2, coord. L. Gyemant, L. Benjamin, Bucuresti, Ed. Hasefer, 1999
- Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The Historical Dictionary of Localities in Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
- Pinkas Hakehiloth: Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities. Romania, vol. I-II, Jerusalem, Yad Vashem, 1969, 1980 (in Hebrew)
- Microsoft Auto Route Express 1999
No interviews. [January 2003]