BOZIENII DE SUS: (com. Dulcesti, Neamt judet) Print

 

International Jewish Cemetery Project - Romania Bo-Bu US Commission No. _

The cemetery is located at on the hill called Stan in Bozienii de Sus, com. Dulcesti, Neamt judet, Moldavia region at 46°55' 26°30', 20 km from Roman or 27 km from Piatra Neamt. Present town population is under 1,000 with no Jews.

  • Local Authority: Mayor Chirila Nicolae, com. Dulcesti, Neamt judet. Phone: 732602.
  • Religious Authority: The Jewish Community of Piatra Neamt, str. Petru Rares no. 7, Piatra Neamt. Phone: 223815.
  • Regional Authority: The Federation of the Jewish Communities of Romania, Sf. Vineri str., no. 9-11, sector 3, Bucharest, Romania.
  • Interested: "A.D. Xenopol" Institute of History, Lascar Catargi str., no. 15, 6400- Iasi (Iasi judet), Romania. Tel. 032/212614; e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it . Director: Alexandru Zub.
  • Caretaker: Apetroaiei Ioan, Bozienii de Sus, com. Dulcesti, Neamt judet
  • Keyholder: Roman I.Neculai, Bozienii de Sus.

The Census from 1859 registered 176 Jewish inhabitants and that from 1899 registered 350 Jewish inhabitants. The 1930 Census registered 144 Jewish inhabitants. The Jewish Community was founded in 1838 with 20 families. The synagogue was inaugurated in 1851. This Jewish cemetery was established in the 19th century. The last known Jewish burial in the unlandmarked Conservative cemetery was in the 20th century. Girov (Neamt judet) also used this cemetery, 4 km from the congregation that used it.

The rural (agricultural) hillside, separate, but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker. Reached by crossing private property, access is open to all with no wall, fence, or gate. The pre- and post-WWII size is 50 m. X 80 m. (plus 2 hectares of arable land). 20 to 100 gravestones are present, but not in original location. Less than 25% are toppled or broken. Vegetation overgrowth is a constant problem, disturbing graves and stones. Water drainage is good all year.

Tombstones date from the 19th century. The limestone, sandstone, and other material tombstones are flat shaped stones, finely smoothed and inscribed stones, and flat stones with carved relief decoration. Some have portraits on the stones. Inscriptions are in Hebrew and Romanian.

The national Jewish community owns the cemetery property. Adjacent properties are agricultural. Compared to 1939, the cemetery boundaries enclose a larger [?] area due to agriculture. Rarely, private visitors (Jewish or non-Jewish) stop. Local residents visit the site. No maintenance has been done but an unpaid caretaker exists [provides no care?]. No structures.

Security is a very serious threat. Vegetation is a serious threat: The tombs are covered by vegetation while the earth covers many stones.) Vandalism is a slight threat.

Lucian Nastasa, Clinicilor str., no. 19, Cluj, Romania, tel. 064/190107. Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it completed the survey on July 22, 2000 using the following documentation:

  • E.Schwarzfeld, Din istoria evreilor: împopularea, reîmpopularea si întemeierea tîrgurilor si tîrgusoarelor în Moldova, Bucuresti, 1894.
  • N.Sutu, Notiti statistice asupra Moldaviei, Iasi, 1852.
  • George I.Lahovari, Marele dictionar geografic al Romaniei, 5 vol., Bucuresti, Edit.Socec, 1899.
  • I.M.Dinescu, Fiii neamului de la 1859 la 1915. Statistica sociala pe întelesul tuturora, Iasi, Institutul de Arte Grafice N.V.Stefaniu, 1920.
  • Leonida Colescu, Analiza rezultatelor recensamîntului general al populatiei Romaniei de la 1899, cu o prefată de Sabin Manuila, Bucuresti, Institutul de statistica, 1944.
  • D.Ivanescu, Populatia evreiască din orasele si tîrgurile Moldovei între 1774-1832 , în "Studia et acta historiae iudaeorum Romaniae", II, Bucuresti, Edit.Hasefer, 1997, p. 59-65.
  • Pinkas Hakehillot, Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities Romania, I-II, Jerusalem, 1980.
He visited July 18, 2000 and interviewed I.Neculai, com. Bozienii de Sus, com. Dulcesti. [June 2002]