International Jewish Cemetery Project - Romania Bo-Bu
The cemetery is located at Borosneul Mare (near the Calvinist cemetery), 4042, judet Covasna,
Romania at 4549 2600, 95.6 miles N of Bucharest and 18 km from Sfintu Gheorghe. The alternate Hungarian name is Nagyborosnyo; and alternate Romanian name: BOROSNEUL-MARE Present town population is under 1,000 with fewer than 10 Jews.
- Mayor Bartok Laszlo, Town Hall of Borosneul Mare, 4042, judet Covasna
- The Jewish Community of Brasov, Poarta Scheii Str. no. 27, Romania, tel: 068/143532, Brasov, 2200, Romania
- The Federation of The Jewish Communities of Romania, Sf. Vineri Str., no. 9-11, sect. 3, Bucharest, Romania
- Interested: "Dr. Moshe Carmilly" Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, Universitatii Str. no. 7-9, room 61, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Director: Ladislau Gyemant,
- Caretaker: Bede Ignatz, Borosneul Mare
- Key holder: Boier Ludovic and Boier Susana, Oltului Str. no. 50, bl. 2, sc. D, ap. 6, Sfintu Gheorghe, 4000, tel: 067/324881, judet Covasna
The 1880 Jewish population by census was eighteen, 47 in 1900 and 33 in 1930. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the ghetto of Tirgu Mures and on May 27, 30 and June 8 deported to concentration camps. The unlandmarked Orthodox and Neolog The cemetery was established at end of the 19th century. Last known burial was inter-war period.
The hill between woods and fields, separate but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker. The cemetery is reached by via the Calvinist cemetery. Access is open to all via a fence with a non-locking gate. Approximate pre- and post-WWII size is 1400 square m. 20-100 stones are visible. 20-100 stones are in original location. 1-20 stones are not in original location. Less than 25% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year.
The cemetery has special sections for Cohanim. The oldest known gravestone dates from end of the 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble, granite, and andesine flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, and carved relief-decorated memorial markers have Hebrew and Hungarian inscriptions. Some have metal fences around graves. No known mass graves.
The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent property is Calvinist cemetery. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The never vandalized cemetery has no maintenance. Current care is regular caretaker paid by the Jewish community of Brasov. No structures. Vegetation is a serious threat. The gravestones are almost completely covered by vegetation.
Claudia Ursutiu, Pietroasa Str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, tel. 0040-64-151073
visited the site and completed the survey on 3 December 2000 using the following documentation:
- Recensamantul din 1880. Transilvania coord.: Traian Rotariu, Bucharest 1997.
- Recensamantul din 1900. Transilvania Traian Rotariu, Cluj, 1999
- Recensamantul general al populatiei din 29 decembrie 1930 (The General
Census of the Population from December 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
Recensamintul general al populatiei din Romania din 7 ianuarie 1992 (The
General Census of the Population of Romania from January 7, 1992), vol. I,
- Zsido Lexikon, ed. by Ujvari Peter, Budapest, 1929
- Erdelyi Lajos, Regi zsidotemetok muveszete, Bukarest, Kriterion, 1980
- Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. History of the Jews of Transylvania (1623-1944),
Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian
- Demeter Lajos, A Szepiszentgyorgyi regi zsido temeto sirkoveirol, in
- Izvoare si marturii referitoare la evreii din Romania (Sources and
Testimonies on the Jews in Romania), vol. III/1-2, coord. L. Gyemant, L.
Benjamin, Bucuresti, Ed. Hasefer, 1999
- Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The
historical dictionary of localities from Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
- Otto Mitelstrass, Historisch-Landeskundlicher Atlas von Siebenburgen, Ortsnamenbuch, Heidelberg, 1992
- Gyemant Ladislau, Evreii din Transilvania in epoca emanciparii (1790-1867),
The Jews of Transylvania in the Age of the Emancipation, Bucuresti, Ed.
- Microsoft Auto Route Express 1999
Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed Boier Ludovic, 03. 12. 2000, Sfintu Gheorghe. [January 2003]