BILED: (jud. Timis (Billét , Billéd) Print

Alternate names: Biled [Rom], Billét [Hun], Billéd. 45°53' N, 20°58' E. 1877 Jewish population: 17.  Biled commune included two other villages until 2004, when they split off to form Şandra Commune.

CEMETERY:

45°53' 20°57, 269.9 miles WNW of Bucharest and 26 km from Timisoara. Alternate names: Billed (Hungarian), Billed (German). Town's current population is 500-1000 with no Jews.

Local authority: Mayor Suparan Sorin, Townhall of Biled, jud. Timis

Local religious authority: The Jewish Community of Timisoara, Gheorghe Lazar str., no. 5, Romania, tel. , Timisoara, 1900, Romania

National religious authority: Federation of Jewish Communities Romania, Str. Sf. Vineri 9-11, Bucureşti, Tel: (40-1) 613-2538, 143-0010-100. Contact: Mr. Alex Silvan

No caretaker.

The Jewish population by census was seventeen in 1880; 21 in 1900 registered, three in 1930. The unlandmarked Orthodox and Neolog cemetery dates from the end of the 19th century with the last known burial in 1923. The rural/agricultural flat land, separate but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open to all via a fence with non-locking gate.
Cemetery's size before WWII is unknown. The current size is 4 x 3 m. 20-100 gravestones are in cemetery with 1-20 in original and 20-100 not in original location.

No stones are toppled or broken. No stones were removed from the cemetery (probably.) Vegetation overgrowth and water drainage are good all year. No sections. Tombstones date from the end of the 19th century. The 20th century marble, carved relief decorated gravestones. Inscriptions are in Hebrew and German. No known mass graves. The local Jewish community owns the site used for Jewish cemetery purposes only. Adjacent properties are residential and Catholic cemetery. The pre-1939 size is unknown. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. No vandalism in the last ten years. Clearing of vegetation is the care given. Occasional clearing or cleaning by individuals. No structures. No threats.
Claudia Ursutiu, Pietroasa str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, tel. 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey on 23 September 2000 using the following documentation:

    • Recensamantul din 1880. Transilvania (The Census from 1880. Transylvania) coord. : Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1997.
    • Recensamantul din 1900. Transilvania (The Census from 1900. Transylvania) coord.: Traian Rotariu, Cluj, 1999
    • Recensamantul general al populatiei din 29 decembrie 1930 (The General Census of the Population from December 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
    • Recensamintul general al populatiei din Romania din 7 ianuarie 1992 (The General Census of the Population of Romania from January 7, 1992), vol. I, Bucuresti, 1994
    • Zsido Lexicon, ed. by Ujvari Peter, Budapest, 1929
    • Moshe Carmilly-Weinberger, History of the Jews of Transilvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian
    • Izvoare si marturii referitoare la evreii din Romania (Sources and Testimonies on the Jews in Romania), vol. III/1-2, coord. L. Gyemant, L. Benjamin, Bucuresti, Ed. Hasefer, 1999
  • Victor Neumann, Istoria evreilor din Banat (A history of the Jews from Banat), Bucuresti, Atlas, 1999
  • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The historical dictionary of localities from Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
  • Microsoft AutoRoute Express 1999
Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed Horvath Niculina in Biled
Last Updated on Thursday, 03 January 2013 16:00