BICAZU ARDELEAN: (Neamt judet) Print

Alternate names: Bicazu Ardelean, Bicazul Ardelean, (Hungarian: Gyergyóbékás) . 46°51' N 25°56' E, 167.1 miles N of Bucureşti .Bicazu Ardelean is a commune composed of three villages: Bicazu Ardelean, Telec (Gyergyózsedánpatak) and Ticoş (Tikos) and one of three communes in Neamţ County (most of which is in Moldavia) that are part of historic Transylvania

US Commission No. _

The cemetery is located at in a place called "in podis", Bicazu Ardelean (5664), Neamt judet, Moldavia region at 46°45' 25°55', 20 km from Bicaz. Present town population is 5,000-25,000 with no Jews.

The 1930 Census registered 67 Jewish inhabitants. This Jewish cemetery was established in the 19th century. The last known Jewish burial in cemetery was in 1919. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was 1 km from the congregation that used it and also was used by the Jews of Bicaz (Neamt judet)

The rural (agricultural) land at the crown of a hill and separate, but near other cemeteries has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, the site has a gate that locks.

The pre- and post-WWII size of the cemetery is 60 m X 35 m. 20 to 100 gravestones are visible in the cemetery. 1 to 20 are in original location. Less than 25% are toppled or broken. Vegetation overgrowth and water drainage are not problems.

No special sections. The oldest known gravestone in the cemetery dates from the 19th century. Tombstones date from the 19th century. The rough stones or boulders, flat shaped stones, finely smoothed and inscribed stones, and flat stones with carved relief decoration have Hebrew inscriptions.

The national Jewish community owns the cemetery property used for agricultural purposes. Adjacent properties are agricultural. Compared to 1939, the cemetery boundaries enclose the same area. Rarely, private visitors (Jewish or non-Jewish) stop. The never vandalized cemetery has no restoration but care is by the regular paid caretaker. No structures. Security is a slight threat.

Lucian Nastasa, Clinicilor str., no. 19, Cluj, Romania, tel. 064/190107. Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it completed the survey on July 18, 2000 using the following documentation:

  • E.Schwarzfeld, Din istoria evreilor: împopularea, reîmpopularea si întemeierea tîrgurilor si tîrgusoarelor în Moldova, Bucuresti, 1894.
  • N.Sutu, Notiti statistice asupra Moldaviei, Iasi, 1852.
  • George I.Lahovari, Marele dictionar geografic al Romaniei, 5 vol., Bucuresti, Edit.Socec, 1899.
  • I.M.Dinescu, Fiii neamului de la 1859 la 1915. Statistica sociala pe întelesul tuturora, Iasi, Institutul de Arte Grafice N.V.Stefaniu, 1920.
  • Leonida Colescu, Analiza rezultatelor recensamîntului general al populatiei Romaniei de la 1899, cu o prefata de Sabin Manuila , Bucuresti, Institutul de statistica, 1944.
  • D.Ivanescu, Populatia evreiască din orasele si tîrgurile Moldovei între 1774-1832 , în "Studia et acta historiae iudaeorum Romaniae", II, Bucuresti, Edit.Hasefer, 1997, p. 59-65.
  • Pinkas Hakehillot, Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities Romania, I-II, Jerusalem, 1980.
He visited July 15, 2000 and interviewed Florea Debona Emilia, Bicazu Ardelean, July 15, 2000 [June 2002]
Last Updated on Thursday, 03 January 2013 15:47