|BELIU: Arad County, Transylvania (Bél . Bell, Beewl, Beeliu, Beliul), Beneşti, Bochia, Vasile Goldiş,, Mocirla), Secaci,Tăgădău|
Alternate names: Beliu [Rom], Bél [Hun], Bell [Ger], Beél, Beéliu, Beliul. 46°29' N, 21°59' E, 38 miles ENE of Arad, 40 miles S of Oradea (Nagy-Várad). Jewish population: 69 (in 1880), 64 (in 1930). Beliu commune in the contact zone of Teuzului Plateau with Mărăușului Hills, along the Beliu River is composed of six villages: Beliu, Beneşti, Bochia, Vasile Goldiş (Lunca Teuzului until 2005, and until 1968 a separate commune called Mocirla), Secaci and Tăgădău. Its territory is 3695 ha.
The cemetery is located in Beliu, southern side of the village, on the field, 2856, judet Arad, 4629 2159, 244.5 miles NW of Bucharest and 60 km from Arad. Alternate name: Bel (Hungarian). Present town population is 1,000-5,000 with no Jews.
The Jewish population by 1880 census was 69 and by 1910 census was 96. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was established in 19th century. The isolated rural/agricultural flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open to all. A fence with a non-locking gate surrounds the site. Approximate pre- and post-WWII size is 16 m x 68 m x 32 m. 20-100 stones are visible, all in original location. 25%-50% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is not a problem. Water drainage is a constant problem. No special sections. The abandoned cemetery's fencing was stolen. It is under some reconstruction.
The oldest known gravestone dates from 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble and "other" material flat shaped and smoothed and inscribed common gravestones have Hebrew and Hungarian inscriptions. No known mass graves. The national Jewish community owns the property used for orchard. Adjacent properties are agricultural. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The cemetery was not vandalized in the last ten years. Maintenance has been clearing vegetation and fixing wall. Current care is regular unpaid caretaker. No structures. Vandalism is a moderate threat.
Assistant Professor Alexandru Pecican, Almasului Str., Bl. R1, apt. 14, 3400 Cluj-Napoca
On August 28, 2000, he visited the site and interviewed Carabut Ioan [January 2003]
|Last Updated on Thursday, 03 January 2013 14:19|