|BAIA SPRIE: Maramures County [NAGYBÁNA , FRAUENBACH , BAJA MARE, BAIA-MARE, NAGYBANYA]|
Alternate names: Baia Mare [Rom], Nagybána [Hung], Frauenbach [Ger], Baja Mare, Baia-Mare, Nagybanya. 47°40' N, 23°35' E, capital of Maramures judet.
Maramures Online [December 2000]
Czernowitz-Epes cemetery information [Mar 2014]
Jewish Bukovina. [Mar 2014]
US Commission Reference Number RO/MM/03
Alternate Hungarian name: Felsobanya. Located in Maramures County at 47°40' 23°42', approximately 8.7 km. E of Baia Mare. From Baia Mare head approximately 8km in the direction of Baia Sprie. Before entering Baia Sprie proper, there is a road that heads to the left directly across the street from the "Ocul Silvic Baia Sprie" building. A little more than .5 km down on the right hand side of the road is a small footbridge traversing the stream. Cossed the bridge; turn left and walk about fifty meters up the dirt road. The cemetery is clearly visible on the right hand side of this road (the site is also accessible by car by one of two larger bridges either above or below the site).
Baia Sprie was not in Maramures County in 1850. 1880 total population: 5758, Jewish: 41. The cemetery that was used by the Jewish community of Baia Sprie (Felsobanya) is located a considerable distance from the center of town. It is in a fenced and isolated hillside orchard attached to the caretaker's house. There are fruit trees within the fence though none of them are in the location of the stones themselves. It is relatively large with about 70 gravestones, the majority of which are large and made of durable stone. Many of the stones have Hungarian inscriptions on the reverse side. The site is well cared for, although many of the stones are leaning. The caretakers would like to repair some of stones that are damaged or in danger of splitting from the effects of weather and time. However, they are desperately in need of funds in order to carry the work out. Istvan Vincze and his wife are the current caretakers, they speak both Hungarian and Romanian. They purchased the house and adjoining gardens about fifteen years ago and know little about the history of the site.
Access to the 683-sq m cemetery is open with permission via a fence with a locking gate. 74 marble, granite, limestone, and sandstone gravestones in cemetery: 5 fallen over, 1 crumbled but half standing, 14 leaning over. The stones are flat-shaped, smoothed and inscribed or with carved relief decoration or double tombstones with traces of paint on their surfaces. Some have cement grave boundaries or cement footings for stones. Most of the Hebrew and Hungarian inscriptions on the stones are legible. One is half shorn off; and three have faces worn away. Vegetation and water drainage are not a problem. Although surrounded by an orchard, no trees are on the site. The site owner is a private individual. Adjacent property is a village residential setting with nearby homes, gardens, orchards, and pastures. The cemetery is the same size as in 1939. Local residents visit the cemetery. Theft of stones is the primary problem encountered between 1945 and the present. Care includes fixing of wall and gate and clearing vegetation by Jewish groups within the country and local non-Jewish residents. Seasonal clearing by regular unpaid caretaker. Weather erosion is the only threat.
John DeMetrick and Christina Crowder, (formerly of Cluj, they have no further information) completed this survey on 22 April 2000 using a list of cemeteries known by the Jewish Community in Baia Mare. They visited the site on 12 April 2000 and interviewed Vincze Stefan, Strada Ignis #74, 4847 Baia Sprie, Judetul Maramures, Tel: none.
|Last Updated on Friday, 28 March 2014 13:29|