|APATEU: (Dobrácsapáti) in Culciu: Satu Mare judet, Transylvania|
Culciu (Hungarian: Nagykolcs]) is a commune of 3,751 inhabitants situated in Satu Mare judet with Culciu Mare commune as the center of six villages:
The cemetery is located at Apateu, 3940, com Culciu, judet Satu Mare, 46°37' N 21°47' E, 273.8 miles NNW of Bucharest and 13 km from Satu Mare. Alternate name: Dobrancsapati (Hungarian). Present town population is under 1,000 with no Jews.
The 1880 Jewish population by census was 33, by 1900 census was 25 and in 1930 was 8. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the ghetto of Satu Mare and on May 19, 22, 26, 29, 30, 31, and June 1 were deported to Auschwitz. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was established at end of the 19th century. Last known burial was inter-war period
The rural/agricultural flat land, separate but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate. Approximate pre- and post-WWII size is 5 x 4 m. Compared to 1939, the cemetery boundaries enclose a smaller area due to agriculture. 1-20 stones are visible, some not in original location. Less than 25% of the stones are toppled or broken. Stones removed from the cemetery are probably in local farms. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a constant problem damaging stones. Water drainage is good all year.
The oldest known gravestone dates from end of the 19th century. The 19th and 20th century granite, sandstone, and concrete smoothed and inscribed common gravestones have Hebrew inscriptions. No known mass graves. The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are in village residential setting with houses, gardens, orchards, and pastures. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The never vandalized cemetery has no maintenance. No care now. No structures. Security is a very severe threat: broken fence, no gate and outside of the village. Weather erosion is a moderate threat. Vegetation is a very serious threat. The cemetery is completely covered by vegetation.
. Claudia Ursutiu, Pietroasa Str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj Napoca, Romania, tel. 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey 24 July 2000 using the following documentation:
No interviews. [January 2003]
|Last Updated on Wednesday, 02 January 2013 16:45|