|ALMASU (Salaj county) aka Almaşul, Varalmás,, Nagyalmas , Varalmas|
46°57' N 23°08' E, 225.1 miles NW of Bucharest and 60 km from Zalau. The alternate names: Almaşu, Almaşul, Varalmás, and Hungarian names Nagyalmas and Varalmas.
Story about the town that mentions two cemeteries. [Dec 2012]
The cemetery is located at the end of the village, code 4733. Town's current population is 500-1000 with no Jews. Jewish History and photos. Apparently, two Jewish cemeteries existed. [January 2010]
The Jewish population by census is eleven in 1880, 51 in 1900, 51, 35 in 1910, and thirty in 1930. In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the Cehei ghetto, then in Simleul Silvaniei and were deported to Auschwitz on May 31, June 6, 8. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery dates from 19th century. The last known Jewish burial was 20th century.
The isolated rural/agricultural hillside has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open with permission via a fence and locking gate. The pre- and post-WII size is 40 m x 30 m. 20-100 gravestones are in cemetery with 1-20 in original location and 20-100 not in original location. Less than 25% of the stones are toppled or broken. No stones were removed from the cemetery (probably.) Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year. No sections.
The oldest known gravestone dates from 19th century. The tombstones date from 16th and 17th century. They are boulders and flat shaped common gravestones with Hebrew inscriptions. No known mass graves. The national Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery and an orchard. Adjacent properties are agricultural. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop at the never-vandalized cemetery. Clearing of vegetation and cleaning stones is the past care. Care now is occasional clearing or cleaning by individuals and unpaid caretaker. No structures. Weather erosion is a moderate threat.
Cosmina Popa, Tatra str., no. 4, tel. 064/ 128764, Cluj ?Napoca, 3400 and Ioana Oprea, Bd. 21 Decembrie, 13-15, 064/190849, Cluj-Napoca, 3400 completed the survey and visited the site on September 27, 2000.
|Last Updated on Wednesday, 02 January 2013 15:28|