AIUD: Alba, Transylvania Print

Alternate names: Aiud [Rom], Nagyenyed [Hun], Straßburg am Mieresch [Ger], Strassburg. 46°18' N, 23°43' E, 40 miles S of Cluj, 17 miles NNE of Alba Iulia (Gyulafehérvár), and 173.1 miles NW of Bucharest . Jewish population: 176 (in 1880), 437 (in 1920).

The cemetery is located at Str. Eroilor no. 5, Aiud, judet Alba. The alternate name is Nagyenyed (Hungarian). Present town population is 25,000-100,000 with fewer than 10 Jews.

  • Mayor Liviu Rusu
  • The Jewish Community of Alba Iulia, Str. Tudor Vladimirescu no. 4, Alba Iulia, Romania. Phone: 00/40/58/817840
  • The Federation of the Jewish Communities of Romania, Sf. Vineri Str., no. 9-11, Sector 3, Bucharest, Romania
  • "A.D. Xenopol" Institute of History, Lascar Catargi Str., no. 15, 6400- Iasi (judet Iasi), Romania. Tel. 032/212614; e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it . Director: Alexandru Zub.
  • Key holder and caretaker: Ilies Horia, Str. Eroilor no. 5, Aiud
  • Interested: Abraham Geza, Str. Tudor Vladimirescu no. 4, Alba Iulia, Romania. Phone: 00/40/58/817840

The Jewish population by census was 1838 38, from 1850-1851 was 43, in 1857 was 81, from 1869-1870 was 177, in 1880 was 176, and in 1930 was 464. The cemetery was established in 19th century with last burial in 1992 (Ehrenthal Ernest). The unlandmarked Orthodox and Neolog cemetery is 2 km from the congregation that used it.

The urban hillside, separate but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open with permission. A fence with a gate that locks surrounds the site. Approximate pre- and post-WWII size is 300 x 200 m. 100-500 stones are visible, 1-20 stones not in original location. More than 75% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is not a problem. Water drainage is good all year. No special sections.

The oldest known gravestone dates from 19th century. The 19th and 20th century memorial markers are marble, granite, limestone, and sandstone. Some have traces of painting on their surfaces, iron decorations or letting, bronze decorations or lettering, and other metallic elements and portraits on stones, sculpted monuments, and multi-stone monuments. Some tombstones have metallic elements and metal fences around graves. They have Hebrew, Romanian, and Hungarian inscriptions.

The Jewish Community of Alba Iulia, Str. Tudor Vladimirescu no. 4, Alba Iulia, Romania. Phone: 00/40/58/817840 owns the site used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are residential. Occasionally, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The never vandalized cemetery maintenance has been clearing vegetation. Current care is regular unpaid caretaker. Within the cemetery boundaries is a house.

Lucian Nastasă, Clinicilor Str., no. 19, Cluj, Romania, tel. 064/190107. Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it visited the site and completed the survey on November 1, 2000 using the following documentation:

  • Tr. Rotaru (coord.), Recensamintul din 1880. Transilvania, Cluj, Edit. Staff, 1997.
  • Kalman Weszpremy, A magyarorszagi zsidok statistikaja, Debrecen, 1907.
  • Recensamintul general al populatiei Romaniei, 1930, vol. II, publicat de Sabin Manuila, Bucuresti, 1938.
  • Lajos Venetianer, A magyar zsidosag tortenete, Budapest, 1922
  • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. Istoria evreilor din Transilvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, Edit. Enciclopedica, 1994.
  • Izvoare si marturii referitoare la evreii din Romania, I-III/1-2, Bucuresti, 1986-1999.
  • Ladislau Gyemant, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , Evreii din Transilvania in epoca emanciparii (1790-1867), Bucuresti, Edit. Enciclopedica, 2000

Lucian Nastasă interviewed Abraham Geza, Str. Tudor Vladimirescu no. 4, Alba Iulia, Romania. Phone: 00/40/58/817840. [January 2003]


Last Updated on Thursday, 10 April 2014 05:53