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ADJUD (Focsani judet): Ad Judul, Egyedhalma PDF Print E-mail

Alternate names: Adjud [Rom], Ad Judul, Egyedhalma [Hun]. 46°06' N, 27°10' E, 35 miles SSE of Bacău, 28 miles N of Focşani. Jewish population: 827 (in 1899), 655 (in 1940). Ruzhin  Chassidic dynasty "court" location.

  • Encyclopedia of Jewish Life (2001), p. 20: "Adjud".
  • Pinkas HaKehilot, Romania, Vol. 1 (1969), p. 3: "Adjud"
  • JewishGen Romania SIG

 

ADJUD (I) (Focsani judet): US Commission No. _____

The cemetery is located at str. Copacesti no. 23, Focsani judet, Moldavia region at 46º07' 27º25', 70 km from Bacau. Present town population is 25,000-100,000 with 0-100 Jews.

  • Local Authority: Mayor Armencea Constantin, Adjud, Focsani judet
  • Religious Authority: The Jewish Community of Bacău, str. Alexandru cel Bun, 16, Bacău
  • Regional Authority: The Federation of the Jewish Communities of Romania, Sf. Vineri str., no. 9-11, sector 3, Bucharest, Romania.
  • Interested: "A.D.Xenopol" Institute of History, Lascar Catargi str., no. 15, 6400- Iasi (Iasi judet), Romania. Tel. 032/212614; e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it . Director: Alexandru Zub.
  • Caretaker with key: Fîsîc Milica, str. Islazului no. 7, Adjud, Focsani judet. Phone: 640240

The 1831 Census registered 27 Jewish families/inhabitants. The 1899 Census registered 367 Jewish inhabitants. The 1930 Census registered 626 Jewish inhabitants. In 1941, the Jews were deported to Caracal (Romania). This Jewish cemetery was established in the 19th century. Three rabbis are buried there. The last known Jewish burial in cemetery was in 1944.

Secuieni (Bacău judet) also used this unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery, located 0.5 km from the congregations that used it. The flat, isolated site has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open with permission. A broken masonry wall and gate that locks surround the site.

The pre-WWII size was 120 m x 50 m. The post-WWII size is 90 m x 50 m. 100-500 gravestones are in the cemetery in original location. 1-20 are not in original location. 50% to 75% are toppled or broken. Vegetation and water drainage are not problems. Stones exist from the 19th and 20th centuries. The marble, limestone, sandstone, and other material tombstones are rough stones or boulders, flat shaped stones, finely smoothed and inscribed stones, and flat stones with carved relief decoration. Some have portraits on their surface. Inscriptions are in Hebrew and Romania. The national Jewish community owns cemetery property now used for recreational purposes. Adjacent properties are recreational, commercial or industrial, and residential. Compared to 1939, the cemetery boundaries enclose a smaller area due to new roads and a housing development. Jewish and non-Jewish private visitors visit rarely. No structures. The frequently vandalized cemetery has no care or maintenance or has a fence and a regular unpaid caretaker. [unclear]..

Lucian Nastasa, Clinicilor str., no. 19, Cluj, Romania, tel. 064/190107. This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it completed the survey on July 17, 2000 using the following documentation:

  • E.Schwarzfeld, Din istoria evreilor: împopularea, reîmpopularea si întemeierea tîrgurilor si tîrgusoarelor în Moldova, Bucuresti, 1894.
  • N. Sutu, Notiti statistice asupra Moldaviei, Iasi, 1852.
  • George I. Lahovari, Marele dictionar geografic al Romaniei, 5 vol., Bucuresti, Edit.Socec, 1899.
  • I.M. Dinescu, Fiii neamului de la 1859 la 1915. Statistica sociala pe întelesul tuturora, Iasi, Institutul de Arte Grafice N.V.Stefaniu, 1920.
  • - Gh.Ungureanu, Catagrafia locuitorilor Moldovei din anul 1820, în "Revista de statistică", no. 7/1967.
  • Leonida Colescu, Analiza rezultatelor recensamîntului general al populatiei Romaniei de la 1899, cu o prefată de Sabin Manuila, Bucuresti, Institutul de statistica, 1944.
  • Pinkas Hakehillot, Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities Romania, I-II, Ierusalem, 1980.
  • D.Ivanescu, Populatia evreiască din orasele si tîrgurile Moldovei între 1774-1832 , în "Studia et acta historiae iudaeorum Romaniae", II, Bucuresti, Edit.Hasefer, 1997, p. 59-65

He visited on July 17, 2000 and interviewed Fîsîc Milica, str. Islazului no. 7, Adjud, Focsani judet. Phone: 640240. [June 2002]

 

ADJUD (II): (Focsani judet) See Adjud I for town details.

This Orthodox Jewish cemetery was establish in 1944. The last known Jewish burial in the cemetery was in July 2000. Secuieni (Bacău judet) use this unlandmarked cemetery, 1 km. from the congregations that used it.

The flat, isolated urban cemetery location has no sign or marker. Located by turning directly off a public road, access is open with permission. A continuous fence and a gate that locks surround the site.

Approximate size of cemetery before World War II was 80 m X 50 m. 20 to 100 gravestones are in cemetery in original location with none toppled or broken. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem, preventing access in present, but Water drainage is good all year. Gravestones date from 1944. The marble, granite, limestone, and sandstone flat shaped stones, finely smoothed and inscribed stones, flat stones with carved relief decoration, double tombstones, and sculpted tombstones have portraits on stones and/or metal fences around graves. Inscriptions are Hebrew and Romanian.

The national Jewish community owns the property used only as a Jewish cemetery. Adjacent properties are residential. The site boundaries are unchanged. Occasionally, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The never vandalized site has a regular unpaid caretaker. No structures. No threats.

Lucian Nastasa, Clinicilor str., no. 19, Cluj, Romania, tel. 064/190107. This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it : completed the survey on July 17, 2000 using the following documentation:

  • E.Schwarzfeld, Din istoria evreilor: împopularea, reîmpopularea si întemeierea tîrgurilor si tîrgusoarelor în Moldova, Bucuresti, 1894.
  • N.Sutu, Notiti statistice asupra Moldaviei, Iasi, 1852.
  • George I.Lahovari, Marele dictionar geografic al Romaniei, 5 vol., Bucuresti, Edit.Socec, 1899.
  • I.M.Dinescu, Fiii neamului de la 1859 la 1915. Statistica socială pe întelesul tuturora, Iasi, Institutul de Arte Grafice N.V.Stefaniu, 1920.
  • Leonida Colescu, Analiza rezultatelor recensamîntului general al populatiei Romaniei de la 1899, cu o prefată de Sabin Manuila, Bucuresti, Institutul de statistica, 1944.
  • Pinkas Hakehillot, Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities Romania, I-II, Jerusalem, 1980.
  • D.Ivanescu, Populatia evreiasca din orasele si tîrgurile Moldovei între 1774-1832, în "Studia et acta historiae iudaeorum Romaniae", II, Bucuresti, Edit. Hasefer, 1997, p. .59-65
He visited on July 17, 2000 and interviewed Fîsîc Milica, str. Islazului no. 7, Adjud, Focsani judet. Phone: 640240. [June 2002]
Last Updated on Thursday, 27 December 2012 18:11
 
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