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ABRAMUT: Bihor County, Transylvania PDF Print E-mail

Coat of arms of Oradea Alternate name: Abrămuţ [Ro]. 47°19' N 22°15' E, 271.8 miles NW of Bucureşt. Is/was part of the Oradea Jewish community.

The cemetery is located in Abramut, 3757, judet Bihor, Romania at 4719 2215, 271.8 miles NW of Bucharest. Alternate name: Vedresabrany (Hungarian.) Present town population is under 1,000 with no Jews.

  • Mayor Barcui Barnabas, Town Hall of Abramut, judet Bihor
  • The Jewish Community of Oradea, Mihai Viteazu Str. no. 4, 3700 Oradea, Romania, tel. 0040-59-134843 (132587)
  • The Federation of The Jewish Communities of Romania, Sf. Vineri Str. no. 9-11, sect. 3, Bucharest, Romania
  • Interested: "Dr. Moshe Carmilly" Institute for Hebrew and Jewish History, Universitatii Str. no. 7-9, room 61, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Director: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  • Caretaker with key: Cozac Pavel, Abramut No. 21

The 1880 Jewish population by census was 19; by 1900 census was 35, and in 1930 was Noteworthy Jewish residents of the community were In May 1944, the Jews were gathered in the Oradea ghetto and on May 23, 25, 28-30, and June 1-5, 27 were deported to Auschwitz. The unlandmarked Orthodox cemetery was established in end of 19th century. Last known burial was inter-war period. Probably, the Jews from Crestur used the cemetery 3 km from the congregation that used it.

The isolated rural/agricultural hillside has no sign or marker. Reached by a public road, access is open to all with no wall, fence, or gate. Approximate pre-WWII size is unknown. Approximate post-WWII size is 24 x 10 m. 1-20 stones are visible, some not in original location. 25%-50% of the stones are toppled or broken. Location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. Vegetation overgrowth in the cemetery is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage is good all year. No special sections. The oldest known gravestone dates from end of 19th century. The 19th and 20th century marble, limestone, sandstone, and concrete flat shaped, smoothed and inscribed, and carved relief-decorated common gravestones have Hebrew inscriptions. The local Jewish community owns the property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are agricultural. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors stop. The never vandalized cemetery maintenance has been clearing vegetation. Current care is regular unpaid caretaker. No structures. Security, weather erosion, and vegetation are moderate threats.

Ursutiu Claudia, Pietroasa Str. no. 21, 3400 Cluj-Napoca, tel: 0040-64-151073 visited the site and completed the survey on 1 July 2000 using the following documentation:

  • Recensamantul din 1880. Transilvania coord. : Traian Rotariu, Cluj 1997.
  • Recensamantul din 1900. Transilvania Traian Rotariu, Cluj, 1999
  • Recensamintul general al populatiei din 29 decembrie 1930, (The General Census of the population from December 29, 1930), vol. II, Bucuresti 1938
  • Carmilly-Weinberger, Moshe. History of the Jews of Transylvania (1623-1944), Bucuresti, 1994, in Romanian
  • Recensamantul general al populatiei Romaniei din 29 decembrie 1930, vol. II (The General Census of the Population of Romania from 29 December 1930, vol. II), Bucuresti, 1938
  • Recensamintul general al populatiei din Romania din 7 ianuarie 1992 (The General Census of the Population of Romania from January 7, 1992), vol. I, Bucuresti, 1994
  • Coriolan Suciu, Dictionar istoric al localitatilor din Transilvania (The Historical Dictionary of Localities in Transylvania), vol. I-II, Bucuresti, 1967
  • Otto Mitelstrass, Historisch-Landeskundlicher Atlas von Siebenburgen, Ortsnamenbuch, Heidelberg, 1992
  • Microsoft Auto Route Express 1999
    Claudia and Adrian Ursutiu interviewed Kozak Maria, 01. 07. 2000, Abramut. [January 2003]
  • Last Updated on Monday, 19 April 2010 12:07
     
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