Alternate names: Żelechów [Pol], Zhelechov, זשעלעכאָװ [Yid], ז'לחוב [Hebr], Zhelekhuv, Желехув [Rus], Zhelichov, Zhelichuv. 51°49' N, 21°54' E, 30 miles SW of Siedlce (Shedlits), 48 miles NW of Lublin. 1900 Jewish population: 4,930. Yizkors: Yisker-bukh fun der Zhelekhover yidisher kehile (Chicago, 1953) and Pinkas ha-kehilot; entsiklopediya shel ha-yishuvim le-min hivasdam ve-ad le-aher shoat milhemet ha-olam ha-sheniya: Poland vol. 7: Kielce and Lublin (Jerusalem, 1999). Gmina Żelechów is an urban-rural administrative district in Garwolin powiat, Masovian Voivodeship in east-central Poland with its seat in the town of Żelechów, 22 km (14 mi) SE of Garwolin and 78 km (48 mi) SE of Warsaw. [July 2009]
The gmina 2006 total population was 8,390 (4,016 in the town). [July 2009]
US Commission No. POCE000586
Zelchow is located in Siedlechie province, 97 km from Warsaw and 27 km from Garwolin. The cemetery is located in at Chlopichiego, Reymonta, and Bema Streets. Present town population is 5,000-25,000 with fewer than 10 Jews.
The Jewish population before WWII was 6000 persons. The isolated urban hillside and crown of a hill has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is entirely closed. The cemetery has wire net on concrete poles and two gates that lock. The size today and before WWII was 1.5 hectare. 100-500 stones are visible with 20-100 in original position and fewer than 25% toppled or broken date from first half of 19th century. The granite and sandstone rough stones/boulders, flat-shaped stones, finely smoothed and inscribed stones, or flat stones with carved relief decoration have Yiddish inscriptions. No known mass graves. The municipality owns property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are residential. Rarely, private visitors stop. The cemetery was vandalized during WWII. Care was wire-net fencing done in the 1960s and occasional clearing by authorities. No structures. Weather erosion and vegetation are moderate threats. Vandalism and pollution are slight threats. Vegetation overgrowth is a seasonal problem, preventing access.
Cezary Ostas, Siedlce, ul. Pomorska 1/68, tel. 290-95 completed this survey on 19 Oct 1992 using the urban-historical study by Maria Danksza and Jerzy Debski, Siedlce 1987, available in the conservator's office. He visited the site on 19 Dec 1992 and interviewed Jan Osowiecki, Siedlce on 19 Oct 1992.
|Last Updated on Saturday, 18 July 2009 12:47|