Alternate names: Zamość [Pol], Zamoshtch, זאמאשטש [Yid], Замость [Rus], Zamoshch, Zamoshtsh, Zamostie, Zamotch, Zamost'ye, Zamose. 50°43' N, 23°15' E, 47 miles SE of Lublin. 1900 Jewish population: 7,034. Yizkors: Zamosc be-genona u-be-shivra (Tel Aviv, 1953); Pinkes Zamosc; yizker-bukh (Buenos Aires, 1957); and Pinkas ha-kehilot; entsiklopediya shel ha-yishuvim le-min hivasdam ve-ad le-aher shoat milhemet ha-olam ha-sheniya: Poland vol. 7: Kielce and Lublin (Jerusalem, 1999). This town in SE Poland with 66,633 inhabitants in 2004 in Lublin Voivodeship since 1999, 20 km from the town has an historical city center on the UNESCO World Heritage List. [July 2009]
ZAMOSC I: AS 207
The town is located in Zamosc province at 50º43' 23º15', 80 km SSE of Lublin. Cemetery is located at junction of Prosta St. and Bochaterow Monte Cassino St. Present town population is 25,000-100,000 with no Jews.
The earliest known Jewish community was 1583; 1921 Jewish population was 9,383 (census). In 1588, privilege (permission to settle) wasgranted to Jews by Chancellor Jan Zamoyski. Jewish Quarter emerged around Rynek Solny (salt market.) Masonry synagogue 1610-1620 was built at Zydowska (Jewish) St. (now Zamenhoffa St.). The Jewish cemetery was established in 1907 (update: in ul Prosta). Buried there are Epstein and Goldstein families with last known Orthodox Jewish burial in 1941. Landmark: local monument to Nazi victims. The isolated urban flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all with a continuous fence and non-locking gate. The approximate size of the cemetery before World War II was 1.68 ha, now 0.018 ha. 100 to 500 gravestones, none in original location with more than 75% toppled or broken, date from 1934.The cemetery is not divided into special sections. The granite and sandstone flat shaped and inscribed stones, finely smoothed and inscribed stones or flat stones with carved relief decoration have Hebrew inscriptions. There is a memorial monument to Holocaust victims but no known mass graves. The municipality owns site used only as a Jewish cemetery. Properties adjacent are residential. The cemetery is smaller than before the WWII due to new roads or highways and housing development. Rarely, private visitors stop. The cemetery was vandalized during World War II. Stones have been patched and the wall and gate fixed. The monument and lapidarium were erected in 1950 and a metal fence with a gate put up in 1991. There is no current care. Serious problems include security and weather erosion. Slight threats include pollution, vegetation, vandalism, and incompatible nearby development (existing).
Malgorzata Radolowicz, ul. Florianska 37 m 3; Krakow completed survey on Aug. 24, 1995. Documentation: PSOZ [Wojewodzki Konserwator Zabytkow Zamosc, "Karta cmentarza" (Cemetery record chart), #32697 completed by M. Fornal, 1992; and "Studium historyczo-urbanistyczne" (Historical Urban Survey) by J.A. Milobedzki, Warsaw, 1953. Other documentation exists. She visited the site on July 24, 1995 and interviewed officers at Preservation Authorities and residents of housing near the cemetery.
ZAMOSC II: AS 208
Malgorzata Radolowicz visited the site on July 24, 1995. (See Zamosc I)
UPDATE: synagogue sketch. [August 2005]
|Last Updated on Saturday, 18 July 2009 11:29|