Also see Brzesko (II)
Alternate names: Zakliczyn [Pol], Zoklitchin [Yid], Zaklichin, Zakliczyn nad Dunajcem. 49°52' N, 20°49' E, 13 miles SW of Tarnów, 11 miles SE of Brzesko. Słownik Geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego (1880-1902), XIV, pp. 296-297: "Zakliczyn" #2. 1900 Jewish population: about 300. Gmina Zakliczyn is an urban-rural gmina (administrative district) in Tarnów County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, in southern Poland. Its seat is the town of Zakliczyn, which lies approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) south-west of Tarnów and 68 km (42 mi) east of the regional capital Kraków. The gmina 2006 total population is 12,242 (town population: 1,556). Apart from the town of Zakliczyn, Gmina Zakliczyn contains the villages and settlements of Bieśnik, Borowa, Charzewice, Dzierżaniny, Faliszowice, Faściszowa, Filipowice, Gwoździec, Jamna, Kończyska, Lusławice, Melsztyn, Olszowa, Paleśnica, Roztoka, Ruda Kameralna, Słona, Stróże, Wesołów, Wola Stróska, Wróblowice, Zawada Lanckorońska and Zdonia. [July 2009]
US Commission No. POCE000029: In Tarnow. The US Commission has not completed this survey. 
Also see reference to WWI cemetery in Poland Introduction. In region Tarnow, 28 km from Nowy Sacz, 26 km from Tarnow. Drive from Zakliczyn town center in the direction of Gromnik, 200m. After the crossing Wojnicz-Nowy Sacz, you pass a school (right-hand side). Turn right into the next lane. About 100m further, you will find the cemetery. I made no contacts with local officials. Cemetery access is open to all. I was told by youths that the community (gminna) takes care of the cemetery. Members of the community may have additional information. 1942 Jewish population (census) was approximately 1200 inhabitants. (See Baedeker Reisefuehrer; Generalgouvernement) Militaerkommando Krakau, Abteilung Kriegsgraeber/Military Command Cracow-War Grave Department, erected the Cemetery for Jewish soldiers killed in action in the years 1914-1915 during WWI. They were members of the Austrian k.u.k. (Imperial and Royal) Infantry Regiment Nr. 30 (Lemberg, L'wow, L'wiw now Ukraina) and Nr.66 (Ungvar, now Uzhgorod, Ukraina), of Tyrolean "Kaiserjaeger" Regiment 1 (Austria), Feldjaegerbataillon Nr 24 (Budapest) and Sappeurbataillon 3 (Gorizia, a divided town, Italy, Slovenia). Date Jewish cemetery was established: between 1915 and 1918, restored 1996 or 1997. Date of the last known Jewish burial in cemetery: between 1915 and 1918. The cemetery is land-marked and in: Die Westgalizischen Heldengraeber aus den Jahren des Weltkriegs 1914-1915 by Captain Hans Hauptmann and Major Rudolf Broch, Krakau 1918, as No. 293. The cemetery is located about 300 m outside of the center of the "rynek". The Jewish cemetery is part of a municipal cemetery. In the above-mentioned book, it is described as part of the Jewish Municipal Cemetery, but only the Military Cemetery exists with no evidence of another cemetery. A front wall, with an inscription and an arch on top of it, surrounds the cemetery. The other sides are stone pillars with iron chains between. The cemetery has non-locking wrought iron gate with a Star of David. At the front wall is an inscription in German: "1914-1915 UNS TOTEN IST NUR DEREN SCHRITT WILLKOMMEN; DIE WUERDIG SIND DER FRUECHTE UNSERER SIEGE." (We dead do welcome only the steps of those, who are worthy the fruits of our victories) At the entrance a Polish epigraph: Zydowski Cmentarz Wojskowy/ z okresu I wojny swiatowej. Present size of cemetery is 20x20m. 11 gravestones exist although the book describes 12 single graves. One has to be at the front wall (maybe an officer). No stones were removed. Somebody has cut the grass. The concrete tombstones in the cemetery date from WWI. 11 gravestones with Star of David but with inscriptions removed. The cemetery contains 12 single graves. The present owner of the cemetery property is Community of Zaklizyn or Polish state. The cemetery property used for military cemetery purposes only. Properties adjacent to the cemetery are agricultural. Compared to 1939, the cemetery boundaries enclose the same area when compared to the picture in the book from 1918. The cemetery was visited by the Austrian organization Oesterreichisches Schwarzes Kreuz, the Austrian pendent of Commonwealth War Grave Commission. The cemetery was not vandalized. Local or municipal authorities care: original shape of 1914-1915; cleaning of stones, clearing of vegetatiozabolotn, and fixing of gate. I was told the community (gminna) takes care. The stones seem like they were cleaned at my visit in July 1997. Current care: Poland Scout groups or school classes or municipal authorities take care annually of WWI military cemeteries. That happened also during the communist regime. Vegetation is a slight threat.
[UPDATE] Photos by Charles Burns [April 2016]
|Last Updated on Tuesday, 12 April 2016 01:04|