49°50' N 21°38' E, 169.1 miles S of Warszawa. Twierdza is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Frysztak within Strzyżów powiat, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in SE Poland, 2 km (1 mi) E of Frysztak, 13 km (8 mi) SW of Strzyżów, and 35 km (22 mi) SW of the regional capital Rzeszów. [July 2009]
used cemetery at Frysztak,
Located on a small hill, only a piece of old fence and a few tombstones remain. photos. [July 2009]
TWIERDZA-GLINIK DOLNY: US Commission No. POCE000782
Town is in Rzeszow St province at 49º50' 21º37', 30 km from Krosno. Cemetery location: behind Twierdza 151. Present population is 1,000-5,000 with no Jews.
The earliest known Jewish community was 16th century. 1939 Jewish population was 2000. The unlandmarked cemetery was established 1934 with last known Orthodox Jewish burial during WWII. The communities from Cieszyny, Tlute[??], Colinik, Crorny, and Luble used site about 1 km from the congregation. The isolated rural flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road and crossing private property, access is open to all with a broken masonry wall and no gate. Approximate size of cemetery before World War II and now is 600 sq.m. 2-100 stones, 1-20 stones in original location and 1-20 not with less than 25% toppled or broken, date from 1934. Removed stones are incorporated into road to Krosno. The limestone and sandstone rough stones or boulders have Hebrew inscriptions. The cemetery contains unmarked mass graves but no structures. The municipality owns the property used for Jewish cemetery. Properties adjacent are agricultural and residential. Private visitors visit rarely. The cemetery was vandalized during World War II but not in the last 10 years. No maintenance. Vegetation overgrowth is a constant problem, disturbing stones. Security, vegetation and vandalism are very serious threats.
Natascha Rode, 35-213 Rzeszow; ul. Starzy skiego 5/29 completed survey June 1992 after a visit. Roman Crodek, Frysztak, ul. Frysztockiepo 31. was interviewed
|Last Updated on Thursday, 23 July 2009 00:53|