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Coat of arms of Gmina ToszekAlternate names: Toszek [Pol], Tost [Ger], Toczek. 50°27' N, 18°31' E, in Upper Silesia, 25 miles WNW of Katowice (Kattowitz), 13 miles NNW of Gliwice (Gleiwitz) and 41 km (25 mi) NW of the regional capital Katowice. Słownik Geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego (1880-1902), XII, pp. 431-432: "Toszek". Jewish population: 146 (in 1885). Gmina Toszek is an urban-rural administrative district in Gliwice powiat, Silesian Voivodeship in southern Poland with its seat in the town of Toszek. The gmina 2006 total population is 10,204 (out of which the population of Toszek amounts to 3,822). Beside the  town of Toszek, Gmina Toszek contains the villages and settlements of Bliziec, Boguszyce, Brzezina, Ciochowice, Grabina, Grabów, Kopanina, Kotliszowice, Kotulin, Kotulin Mały, Łączki, Las, Laura, Ligota Toszecka, Nakło, Paczyna, Paczynka, Pawłowice, Pisarzowice, Płużniczka, Pniów, Proboszczowice, Sarnów, Skały, Srocza Góra, Szklarnia, Wilkowiczki, Wrzosy and Zalesie. [July 2009]

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Toszek's Jewish kahal was dependent on Wielowsi (dating from about 1650 from where most came. Toszek cemetery was founded in the first half of the 19th century. Previously, they used Wielowsi cemetery. After a fire in the city on May 20, 1833, the Jewish community built a synagogue in 1836 on today's ul Piastowskiej. Today, no trace remains because the Germans destroyed it during "Kristallnacht (November 9-10, 1938). These Jews eventually were sent to camps and murdered. [July 2009]

CEMETERY: The 0.2-hectare cemetery on Wielowiejska Street was established in the first part of the 19th century and currently is near today's warehouses of the Armatura Company. 10 gravestones remain, some overturned. A stone wall surrounds the site. Wielowsi Teacher Grzegorz Kaminski has brought primary school pupils to the Jewish cemetery since 2003. In May 2006, he suggested that the students from the local school clean the cemetery with probably more than a dozen gravestones hidden under the ivy that covered the entire cemetery. The work by Toszek middle school students and various adults from the school and municipality loaded all the garbage in a truck. This initiative to save the old cemetery from oblivion enriched Toszek city history. photos. photos. video. [July 2009]

US Commission No. 000546. In Katowickie. The US Commission is not finished rechecking this file. [2000]

Last Updated on Sunday, 19 July 2009 17:22
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