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Coat of arms of TarnobrzegAlternate names: Tarnobrzeg [Pol], Dzhikev, דזיקאוו, טרנובז'ג-דזיקוב [Yid], Dzików, Dikow, Tarnobrzeg-Dzików. 50°35' N, 21°41' E, In SE Poland, 40 miles NNW of Rzeszów, in N Galicia, on the E bank of the Vistula. 1900 Jewish population: 2,537. Yizkors: Kehilat Tarnobrzeg-Dzikow (Galicia ha-ma'aravit) (Tel Aviv, 1973) and Bet David: helek ahad al agadah ve-al Midrashim (, 1911). This town in SE Poland on the east bank of the river Vistula with 49,753 inhabitants in June 2009 in Subcarpathian Voivodeship since 1999 was previously been the capital of Tarnobrzeg Voivodeship (1975-1998). [July 2009]

ShtetLink and cemetery history. [November 2002]

Jews were first documented here in 1593. In 1880, 2,768 Jews, 80%, lived here. Most were Chassids. Today, the 19th century synagogue is used as a library. video. [July 2009]

OLD CEMETERY: The oldest of the two cemeteries, 0.4-hectares, was destroyed with the site now occupied by the exhibition hall on ul. Sienkiewicza. WWII Vandalism and post-war development removed all traces. [July 2009]

NEW CEMETERY: Established at the beginning of the 20th century near the current Kaufland market, only four gravestones and one ohel survived in the 0.8-hectare site. In the 1960s, the ohel was rebuilt to protect graves of tzaddikimElizer Horowic, Meir of Dzików, Jozue of Dzków, and Jechiel ben Meir (1850-1928) from Pokrzywnica and Tarnów. The Embassy of Israel and the Jewish Historical Institute honored the caretaker, Mr Mieczysław Zdyrski. The clean site has a fence. [July 2009]

TARNOBRZEG I:     US Commission No. POCE000093
Alternate Yiddish name: Dzhikow. Tarnobrzeg is located in Tarnobrzeg region at 50º35 21º41, 106km from Kielce and 14 km from Sandomierz. The cemetery is located at lot No. 1403 at the corner of Sienkiewicza and Sawickiej Streets. Present population is 49,000 with no Jews.

  • Town: Urzad Miasta of Tarnobrzeg,, ul. Mickiewicza 4, ph: Tel. 22-11-49; 22-30-94.
  • Regional: Wojewodzki Konserwator Zabytkow, (mgr. Dominik Komada) of Tarnobrzeg, ul. Pilsudskiego 40, tel. 22-81-61 and Dyrektor Wydzialu Spraw Spolecznych, Urzedu Wojewodzkiego, (Edward Kuracinski), Tarnobrzeg, ul. Kosciuszki 32, tel. 22-19-99.
  • Interested: Towarzystwo Przyjaciol Tarnobrzeg, (Society of the Friends of Tarnobrzeg).
  • Caretaker: Zdyrski Henryk, Tarnobrzeg, ul. Sienkiewicza 167, ph: Tel. 22-74-44.

The first mention of Jews in Tarnobrzeg was 1593, but the first Jewish community was established in the first half of the 17th century. In 1655, Swedish army murdered Jews. In 1712, some Jews expelled from Sandomierz settled in Tarnobrzeg. Living here was Tzaddik Eliezar (d.1860). The Jewish cemetery was established in 1930. Buried in the cemetery are Tzaddik Eliezar (d.1860), his sons and grandsons, originally buried in an old cemetery and transferred to this one after its liquidation. 1921 Jewish population (census) was 2146. The last known Progressive/Reform Jewish burial was 1940. Landmark: Register of Monuments No.314/A. The isolated urban small sandy hill (1.5 m high) has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open with permission via a continuous fence with locking gate. The approximate size of before WWII was 0.50 hectares and now is 0.45 hectares. 5 gravestones, or fragments, in original location, date from 1915-20th century. The sandstone flat stones with carved relief decoration have Hebrew inscriptions. No mass graves or structures. Municipality owns site used for Jewish cemetery. Properties adjacent are residential. The cemetery boundaries have reduced since 1939, due to new roads and highways. Occasionally, organized individual tours and private individuals visit. The cemetery was vandalized during World War II, but not since restoration in 1966: reconstruction of the ohel on the foundation of the original one. In 1988 the fence was changed, reducing the area of the cemetery. A regular caretaker currently maintains the cemetery. Vegetation and vandalism pose slight threats.

Marek Florek, ul. Chopina 12/2, Rudnik, tel. 26 completed survey on 17/10/1991, using documentation card and E. Rzetecka Evidencia cmentara zydowskiego w Tarnobrzeg , Warszawa 1990. He visited the site on 10/10/1991.

TARNOBRZEG II:     US Commission No. POCE000094

The unlandmarked cemetery is located at ul. h. Sienkiewicza (Marketplace). The Jewish cemetery is thought to have been established in the 17th century. Buried in the cemetery were Tzaddik Eliezer (d.1860), Meir (d.1877), son of Eliezer and Jehoszua (d.1913) & Jehiel (d.1928), grandsons of Eliezer. The last known Orthodox Jewish burial was 1930. The isolated, urban flat land has no sign, wall, or gate. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all. The approximate size of cemetery before WWII was 1.20 hectares. In 1931 the cemetery was liquidated and the area developed. Two gravestones were moved to the new cemetery at Sienkiewicza and Sawickiej Streets; otherwise, no other gravestones remain. Municipality owns site used for industrial and commercial purposes. Properties adjacent are commercial and residential. As of yet, no skeletons were found during recent sewage works.

Marek Florek, ul. Chopina 12/2, Rudnik, tel. 26 completed survey on 17/10/1991. Documentation: documentation card; E. Rzetecka Evidencia cmentara zydowskiego w Tarnobrzeg (Warszawa, 1990). Marek Florek visited the site on 10/10/1991.

This yellow cement-fenced and locked cemetery is covered completely with anti-Semitic slogans and cartoons. Outside of the fence is an ohel also covered with anti-Semitic graffiti. The keeper is admitted us. He is a Catholic man whose father protected the cemetery during WW2. The father and son buried the tombstone of the rabbi in their garden during the war to protect it from the Germans and local populous. The keeper wears a yarmulke and suffers greatly from the local population because of his interest in preserving the cemetery. There are many stones, mainly illegible. Other stones lie buried beneath the ground in this 2.5-acre cemetery. The name of the keeper is: Zdyrski Mieczyslaw, Tarnobrzeg 39-400, ul. Sienkiewicza 89, Poland. Source: Betty Starkman; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it [Feb. 1998]

I visited the cemetery of the former Jewish community of Dzhikov in Tarnobrzeg, Poland some eight months ago. The site of the cemetery is fenced off but the graves were destroyed and no tombstones remain (as far as I could tell). About twenty years ago, survivors of the family of the Dzhikover rebbes built a building at the approximate site of their graves in which memorial stones have been placed to record their burial place. Perets Mett, London on JewishGen Digest, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it [30 Oct 2000]

BOOK: Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel A Guide to East-Central Europe . New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1992. p. 78

 

Last Updated on Saturday, 18 July 2009 16:52
 
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